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tamang pamagat sa kursong hrm thesis Larvicidal activity of indian medicinal plants on the larvicidal activity of indian medicinal plants grossi-de-sa, 2002.

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Tamang pamagat sa kursong hrm thesis

tamang pamagat sa kursong hrm thesis Larvicidal activity of indian medicinal plants on the larvicidal activity of indian medicinal plants grossi-de-sa, 2002.

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tamang pamagat sa kursong hrm thesis Larvicidal activity of indian medicinal plants on the larvicidal activity of indian medicinal plants grossi-de-sa, 2002.
tamang pamagat sa kursong hrm thesis Larvicidal activity of indian medicinal plants on the larvicidal activity of indian medicinal plants grossi-de-sa, 2002.
tamang pamagat sa kursong hrm thesis Larvicidal activity of indian medicinal plants on the larvicidal activity of indian medicinal plants grossi-de-sa, 2002.

Tamang pamagat sa kursong hrm thesis

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4 Standout College Application Essays on Work, Money and Class

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Columbia University, which Zöe Sottile plans to attend this year.CreditUniversal Images Group, via Getty Images

Each year, we issue an open casting call for high school seniors who have dared to address money, work or social class in their college application essays . From the large pile that arrived this spring, these four — about parents, small business, landscapes and the meaning a single object can convey — stood out. The fifth essay in our package appeared on The New York Times’s new Snapchat Discover, and you can view it at this link by pressing the arrow/play button.

Blaine, Minn.

Jonathan Ababiy


Mr. Ababiy, a student at Blaine High School, plans to attend the University of Minnesota.CreditMatthew Hintz for The New York Times

‘The professors’ home was a telescope to how the other (more affluent) half lived’

At age 6, I remember the light filled openness of the house, how the whir of my mother’s vacuum floated from room to room. At 9, I remember how I used to lounge on the couch and watch Disney cartoons on the sideways refrigerator of a TV implanted in a small cave in the wall. At 12, I remember family photographs of the Spanish countryside hanging in every room. At 14, I remember vacuuming each foot of carpet in the massive house and folding pastel shirts fresh out of the dryer.

I loved the house. I loved the way the windows soaked the house with light, a sort of bleach against any gloom. I loved how I could always find a book or magazine on any flat surface.

But the vacuum my mother used wasn’t ours. We never paid for cable. The photographs weren’t of my family. The carpet I vacuumed I only saw once a week, and the pastel shirts I folded I never wore. The house wasn’t mine. My mother was only the cleaning lady, and I helped.

My mother and father had come as refugees almost twenty years ago from the country of Moldova. My mother worked numerous odd jobs, but once I was born she decided she needed to do something different. She put an ad in the paper advertising house cleaning, and a couple, both professors, answered. They became her first client, and their house became the bedrock of our sustenance. Economic recessions came and went, but my mother returned every Monday, Friday and occasional Sunday.

She spends her days in teal latex gloves, guiding a blue Hoover vacuum over what seems like miles of carpet. All the mirrors she’s cleaned could probably stack up to be a minor Philip Johnson skyscraper. This isn’t new for her. The vacuums and the gloves might be, but the work isn’t. In Moldova, her family grew gherkins and tomatoes. She spent countless hours kneeling in the dirt, growing her vegetables with the care that professors advise their protégés, with kindness and proactivity. Today, the fruits of her labor have been replaced with the suction of her vacuum.

The professors’ home was a telescope to how the other (more affluent) half lived. They were rarely ever home, so I saw their remnants: the lightly crinkled New York Times sprawled on the kitchen table, the overturned, half-opened books in their overflowing personal library, the TV consistently left on the National Geographic channel. I took these remnants as a celebrity-endorsed path to prosperity. I began to check out books from the school library and started reading the news religiously.

Their home was a sanctuary for my dreams. It was there I, as a glasses-wearing computer nerd, read about a mythical place called Silicon Valley in Bloomberg Businessweek magazines. It was there, as a son of immigrants, that I read about a young senator named Barack Obama, the child of an immigrant, aspiring to be the president of the United States. The life that I saw through their home showed me that an immigrant could succeed in America, too. Work could be done with one’s hands and with one’s mind. It impressed on me a sort of social capital that I knew could be used in America. The professors left me the elements to their own success, and all my life I’ve been trying to make my own reaction.

Ultimately, the suction of the vacuum is what sustains my family. The squeal of her vacuum reminds me why I have the opportunity to drive my squealing car to school. I am where I am today because my mom put an enormous amount of labor into the formula of the American Dream. It’s her blue Hoover vacuums that hold up the framework of my life. Someday, I hope my diploma can hold up the framework of hers.  


Caitlin McCormick


Ms. McCormick, a student at the Gregory School, plans to attend Barnard College.CreditLaura Segall for The New York Times

‘Slowly, my mother’s gingham apron began to look more like metal armor.’

When it comes to service workers, as a society we completely disregard the manners instilled in us as toddlers.

For seventeen years, I have awoken to those workers, to clinking silverware rolled in cloth and porcelain plates removed from the oven in preparation for breakfast service. I memorized the geometry of place mats slid on metal trays, coffee cups turned downward, dirtied cloth napkins disposed on dining tables.

I knew never to wear pajamas outside in the public courtyard, and years of shushing from my mother informed me not to speak loudly in front of a guest room window. I grew up in the swaddled cacophony of morning chatter between tourists, professors, and videographers. I grew up conditioned in excessive politeness, fitted for making small talk with strangers.

I grew up in a bed and breakfast , in the sticky thickness of the hospitality industry. And for a very long time I hated it.

I was late to my own fifth birthday party in the park because a guest arrived five hours late without apology. Following a weeklong stay in which someone specially requested her room be cleaned twice a day, not once did she leave a tip for housekeeping. Small-business scammers came for a stop at the inn several times. Guests stained sheets, clogged toilets, locked themselves out of their rooms, and then demanded a discount.

There exists between service workers and their customers an inherent imbalance of power: We meet sneers with apologies. At the end of their meal, or stay, or drink, we let patrons determine how much effort their server put into their job.

For most of my life I believed my parents were intense masochists for devoting their existences to the least thankful business I know: the very business that taught me how to discern imbalances of power. Soon I recognized this stem of injustice in all sorts of everyday interactions. I came to understand how latent racism, sexism, classism and ableism structure our society — how tipping was only a synonym for “microaggression.”

I became passionate. Sometimes enraged. I stumbled upon nonprofits, foundations, and political campaigns. I canvassed for Senate candidates, phone-banked for grass-roots action groups, served as a board member for the Women’s Foundation of Southern Arizona, reviewed grant applications for nonprofits and organized events for the nearby children’s hospital.

I devoted my time to the raw grit of helping people, and in the process I fell irrevocably in love with a new type of service: public service. At the same time, I worked midnight Black Friday retail shifts and scraped vomit off linoleum. When I brought home my first W-2, I had never seen my parents so proud.

The truth, I recently learned, was that not all service is created equal. Seeing guests scream at my parents over a late airport taxi still sickens me even as I spend hours a week as a volunteer. But I was taught all work is noble, especially the work we do for others. Slowly, my mother’s gingham apron began to look more like metal armor. I learned how to worship my parents’ gift for attentive listening, easily hearing the things guests were incapable of asking for — not sugar with their tea, but somebody to talk with while they waited for a conference call. I envied their ability to wear the role of self-assured host like a second skin, capable of tolerating any type of cruelty with a smile.

Most of all, I admired my parents’ continuous trust in humanity to not abuse their help. I realized that learning to serve people looks a lot like learning to trust them.  

Andover, mass.

Zöe Sottile


Ms. Sottile, a student at Phillips Academy, plans to attend Columbia University.CreditTony Luong for The New York Times

‘My Dell hid my privilege and my Mac hid my financial need’

The most exciting part was the laptop.

My mom grabbed the thick envelope out of my hands and read off the amenities associated with the Tang Scholarship to Phillips Academy: full tuition for all four years, a free summer trip, $20 a week for me to spend on all the Cheetos and nail polish my heart desired, and finally, a free laptop.

I had never had a computer of my own before, and to me the prospect symbolized a world of new possibilities. I was the only student from my public middle school I knew to ever go to an elite boarding school, and it felt like being invited into a selective club. My first week at Andover, dazed by its glamour and newness, I fought my way to the financial aid office to pick up the laptop; I sent my mom a photo of me grinning and clutching the cardboard box. Back in my dorm room, I pulled out my prize, a heavy but functional Dell, and marveled at its sleek edges, its astonishing speed.

But the love story of my laptop came clamoring to a halt. In the library, as I stumbled to negotiate a space to fit in, I watched my friends each pull out a MacBook. Each was paper-thin and seemingly weightless. And mine, heavy enough to hurt my back and constantly sighing like a tired dog, was distinctly out of place. My laptop, which I had thought was my ticket to the elite world of Andover, actually gave me away as the outsider I was.

For a long time, this was the crux of my Andover experience: always an outsider. When I hung out with wealthier friends, I was disoriented by how different their lives were from mine. While they spent summers in Prague or Paris, I spent mine mining the constellation of thrift stores around New Haven. The gap between full-scholarship and full-pay felt insurmountable.

But I also felt like an outsider going to meetings for the full-scholarship affinity group. My parents attended college and grew up wealthier than I did, giving me cultural capital many of my full-scholarship friends never had access to. Moreover, I’m white and could afford occasional concert tickets or sparkly earrings. The laptop, carried by all full-scholarship students and coded with hidden meanings, pivoted my friends’ understandings of me. At home, I grew up middle class, then became the privileged prep school girl. But at Andover, suddenly, I was poor. Trying to reconcile these conflicting identities, I realized how complex and mutable class is. My class is connected to my parents’ income, but it’s also rooted in cultural knowledge and objects that are charged with greater meaning.

Which brings me back to the laptop: in the middle of my senior fall, my exhausted Dell broke and I couldn’t afford another. When I managed to borrow a slim Mac from my school, I felt the walls around me reorient. I hoped that now I wouldn’t have to think about the electric web of privilege and power every time I sent an email. Instead, I felt a new anxiety: I worried when I sat in the magnificent dining hall with my beautiful computer that I had lost an important part of my identity.

When I started at Andover, these constant dueling tensions felt like a trap: like I would never be comfortable anywhere. (The school sensed it too, and all full-financial aid students now receive MacBooks.) But maybe it’s the opposite of a trap. Maybe I’m culturally ambidextrous, as comfortable introducing a speaker on the stage of Andover’s century-old chapel as getting my nose pierced in a tattoo parlor in New Haven. My hyperawareness of how my Dell hid my privilege and how my Mac hid my financial need pushed me to be aware of what complicated stories were hiding behind my classmates’ seemingly simple facades. I am a full-scholarship student who benefits from cultural, socioeconomic and racial privilege: my story isn’t easy, but it’s still mine.

Flagstaff, Ariz.

Tillena Trebon


Ms. Trebon, a student at Northland Preparatory Academy, plans to attend the University of Oregon.CreditLaura Segall for The New York Times

‘On one side of me, nature is a hobby. On the other, it is a way of life.’

I live on the edge.

I live at the place where trees curl into bushes to escape the wind. My home is the slippery place between the suburbs and stone houses and hogans.

I see the evolution of the telephone poles as I leave the reservation, having traveled with my mom for her work. The telephone poles on the reservation are crooked and tilted with wire clumsily strung between them. As I enter Flagstaff, my home, the poles begin to stand up straight. On one side of me, nature is a hobby. On the other, it is a way of life.

I live between a suburban land of plenty and a rural land of scarcity, where endless skies and pallid grass merge with apartment complexes and outdoor malls.

I balance on the edge of drought.

In the summers, when the rain doesn’t come, my father’s truck kicks dust into the air. A layer of earthy powder settles over the wildflowers and the grass. The stale ground sparks ferocious wildfires. Smoke soars into the air like a flare from a boat lost at sea. Everyone prays for rain. We fear that each drop of water is the last. We fear an invasion of the desert that stretches around Phoenix. We fear a heat that shrivels the trees, turns them to cactuses.

I exist at the epicenter of political discourse. Fierce liberalism swells against staunch conservatism in the hallways of my high school and on the streets of the downtown.

When the air is warm, the shops and restaurants open their doors. Professionals in suits mingle with musicians and artists sporting dreadlocks and ripped jeans. Together, they lament the drought, marvel at the brevity of the ski season.

I live on the edge of an urban and rural existence.

At my mother’s house, we ride bikes down paved streets. We play catch with the neighbor kids. We wage war with water guns.

At my father’s house, we haul water. We feed the horses and chickens. We chase the fox away from the chicken coop. We watch deer grazing, not ten yards away. We turn the soil in the garden. When the rain and the soil and the sun and the plants give birth to fruit, we eat it straight from the vines.

Traditional Navajo weaving and prints of Picasso’s paintings adorn the walls of both homes.

I straddle the innocence of my youth and the mystery of my adult life. That, too, is a precipice. I know I must leap into adulthood and leave the balancing act of Flagstaff life behind. Still, I belong at the place where opposites merge in a lumpy heap of beautiful contradictions. I crave the experiences only found at the edge. As I dive into adulthood, into college, I hope that I can find a new place that fosters diversity in all its forms, a new edge upon which I can learn to balance.  

A version of this article appears in print on , on Page B 4 of the New York edition with the headline: Four Essayists Who Stand Out. Order Reprints | Today’s Paper | Subscribe


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3 Things to Look for When Hiring a Business Plan Writer


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Searching for the best place for preparing a business plan, you look through dozens of business plan writing services reviews spending hours checking each one. However, there is no need to waste your precious time anymore, as we guarantee you will not find a better option than Pro-Papers. What makes us so sure is the number of successful entrepreneurs that have started their business using a professional help of our team. And what we offer you is a detailed instruction that will tell exactly how to turn a raw idea into something worthy. We do not make loud claims. What we do is work for the result, and years of experience showed that our crew does it great. If you want your dream to stop being an idea and start making you money, Pro-Papers is always here to show you how to make your project work for you.


A business plan (BP) is a paper that presents a certain idea, the way it will be implemented, and what it takes to do it. Any entrepreneur who wants to have his or her company running has to have a BP.

No architect starts building a skyscraper without blueprints and calculations. Otherwise, the building eventually falls apart and damages everyone who was involved in a project execution and put time and money into it. In the case of a company, a BP is a lifesaving blueprint that helps to keep businesses from major failures.

Every successful company has started from a BP or, in case it was lucky enough to get going without one, created it later to have a clear vision of the next steps that have to be taken to continue growing and prospering. Therefore, if you are a newbie in a business world, you need to have a really good plan to survive in highly competitive market conditions.

There are numerous types of BPs. Each one has to be thought-out and organized extremely well. Whether you write it for yourself, or to attract partners and investors, you need to prepare it as if your life depends on it. You future definitely does, so it is important to know the things you have to consider. This outline will help you not only to structure the paper or a presentation, but also to understand and research key elements that will make up your business:

  • Executive summary – shortly overviews the entire work, mentioning only key points and focusing on the details that are the most important to present.
  • Company Summary – describes the company, presents the name, the logo, the location, and the story behind the idea.
  • Product/Service – tells readers what you are selling; shows the problem you are solving for your customers and the way you do it.
  • Market analysis – presents your research of the market, main competitors, and shows how you fit the niche.
  • Strategy – indicates the actions you will be taking to run a company and serve the clients.
  • Management – presents the team that will execute the plan and proves their credibility by providing a description of their professional background.
  • Risks – expose possible problems that can occur at the implementation stage and your ways of avoiding or coping with them.
  • Milestones – determine goals and exact dates they will be achieved.
  • Finances – show approximate expenses and expected revenue, justifying each point with calculations and explanations.
  • Appendices – include information or calculations that can be referred to in a plan, but are too cumbersome to be included in the body of the paper.

All these sections are important to consider if you want to implement your idea confidently and qualitatively. However, not all parts should necessarily be in your BP. It is crucial to adjust it to the intended audience, and you may exclude some of the points if your readers find them redundant. It is recommended to examine each section in details for yourself and make notes or a draft of a business plan essay, so to say, to get a glance of a big picture and have some material to write the plan you need afterward.

You can look up BPs of large and prosperous companies to understand how they have executed their ideas. Some of them will help you organize and present your plan better, and understand what parts you might be missing.

If you cannot do a good research or are failing to calculate expenses, our specialists are always here to help you out. Pro-Papers has numerous experts that can work on any section of your paper and provide you with credible data. Do not hesitate to place an order and consult our professional business plan writers to make your work perfect.


Do you have everything to build a successful business? If you do not have a BP, then the answer is negative. No smart person would put money and effort into a project that has no future. And how can you know it does if you have not thought about it in details?

Every entrepreneur has an idea. However, even the best idea is useless without a good implementation plan. Business is all about execution, not a concept, and, therefore, if you want your employees, partners, and investors believe that you are a real businessperson, you need a solid plan.

“What can help me with my business plan?” you may ask. A set of the understandable and smart guidelines from the specialists, of course! For your convenience, Pro-Papers has gathered the most useful tips to show you the best way to write a business plan.

The thing all of the BPs start with is an executive summary. However, it is better to start writing it when you already have all important information on the paper and are ready to recap it. This section is considered one of the most significant as this is the first, and often the last thing people see while reading a plan. If you are trying to attract investors, you need to understand that you are not the only entrepreneur who is trying to do it, and investors do not have time to read all twenty pages of your plan. The only thing that can tell them about your idea briefly is an executive summary, and if it looks appealing and convincing, your papers get into the “yes” pile and may even be read fully afterward. Therefore, if you want to make a good first impression and stand out in the crowd of other venturers, you have to spend a decent amount of time preparing a great executive summary.

Another thing important to focus on is a product or a service you will be selling. It is crucial to prove that people actually need what you offer, and you will be able to make money out of it. The good you are selling has to solve a certain problem on the market in a way no one has done it before. You have to present a demand, solutions that other companies have, and finally show yours and demonstrate how exactly they are different and better than the others.

The market analysis will also prove the information you are presenting with the help of numbers and examples. This is a section, which shows that your idea is actual, and the whole project is feasible and will be profitable for you, your partners and investors if they contribute. Here you have to focus on the market and the place you are planning to take in it. It is important to show the key competitors and the ways you are going to turn their assaults back, to make everyone believe that your company will be compatible enough to survive and prosper even under the worst circumstances.

Most of the investors will also want to see your strategy. It has to include your daily operations to serve clients and maintain the whole company. You may want to make a separate operational BP that will explain how you are planning to run a company in details and present even elementary actions that will be taken by each member of your team daily.

Also, you have to show the goals you are willing to achieve and the ways you are going to make it. Present the milestones and describe each one with numbers, dates, and examples, to make it evident that you see your company’s future and know what you will do to bring aims to life. It will be great if you include possible risks and then explain how you will deal with them. This information will show that you have researched the market properly and are ready to enter it.

The section that most entrepreneurs find the hardest is finances. Some of them are either failing to present realistic data or trying too hard to calculate everything precisely. The truth is that numbers you will get after calculations will not be accurate. It is impossible to predict actual expenses and revenue.

However, it does not mean you have to leave them out. Finance is a language of business, and you need to speak it fluently to be a good entrepreneur. As you cannot just play with numbers and make wild guesses, it is better to have info that will slightly differ from real, but will still help you on your way of building your own company. Implementing a BP is never cheap, and if you are attracting investors, they have to see how you will spend their money and if they can expect income from your project.

The section that many investors find extremely important is management. Here, you have to present the team that will help you implement your project. These have to be credible specialists with professional background and outstanding abilities.

Usually, a great team is a key to successful project implementation. Therefore, you have to present people, who will play the main role in a project execution, in the best light. If some of them worked in well-known companies or have stellar qualifications, this information will get you a sympathy of numerous investors. If some of them have only skills to show, try to present such people as geniuses with fresh and creative approaches.

As you can see, it is extremely hard to write a great BP, especially, if you have not done it before. However, your time and efforts will pay off in spades, as there is a better chance that your idea will work and make you rich if you think the execution through. If you want to speed up the process and focus on the things you find more important, willing to find a specialist to “write my business plan for me”, leave the paperwork to professionals. Let Pro-Papers experts make your BP perfect and help your dreams come to life.


Starting own business is never an easy task. It is important to think about many details beforehand and consider most of the problems that may occur. That is exactly when a business plan comes handy. It is an on-paper strategy that helps to predict the success of a project. However, writing a paper for twenty or even thirty pages is extremely time-consuming. It may just slow you down and take precious months you could have used to build a company.

The best way to be original, creative, and speed the process up is writing a one-page BP. It is very dynamic and can be updated in a day, as the business evolves really fast.

“What can help me write a business plan for one page successfully?” Most certainly, a detailed outline. And, regardless of the purpose of writing, a few main things have to be included:

  • Company’s summary (specifies what you sell, to whom and what problem do you solve for the customers).
  • Money aspect (shows prices and funding needs).
  • Market (specifies the target market, its size, competitors and your benefits).
  • Team (presents the key team members).
  • Problems & Solutions (reveals the possible challenges and the ways to overcome them).

Even though writing a one-page plan seems like a hard thing to do, there is an easy way to avoid it. Just purchase your paper from our company, and we guarantee that you will be satisfied with the work. Also, Pro-papers’ writers can update or edit your current plan for a moderate price!


There is a great percentage of new companies failing to survive their first year on the market. The ones that stayhave a great chance of collapsing in their third and fifth year. Also, some of them may have an extremely small or even zero revenue. And the main reason of such unfortunate situations is a badly elaborated business plan.

It is important to understand what kind of BP is needed to start a certain project. Sometimes, it is important to make it big, when the company promises to be huge and accomplish plenty of tasks. But when it does not, there is no need to bury yourself under the piles of papers. The one-page BP is great if an entrepreneur wants to get to the actual work faster. It still has to be thought-out the same as an ordinary one would be. You may take notes to remember every point of it and afterward, generate a simple, focused plan.

Our company will gladly provide you with a sample to help you in your future writing. If you are stuck at any point of the work, writers at Pro-Papers can always advise you on the further steps and complete the hardest parts for you.


In order to understand how to structure a paper, it is crucial to know the purpose of writing it, especially when it comes to one-page business plan. There is no basic template, which can help you outline the work properly when you do not know the reason for writing it. Therefore, it is important to decide beforehand.

Usually, one-page plans are being written for investors. They are extremely busy people, who are short on time, so when your presentation is brief and exact, it is a win for everybody. The main thing you have to focus on in such case is a significance of your brand and the income. Investors want to know that they will profit from your project, and the money is not wasted vainly. Therefore, the financials have to be clear and realistic, and your credibility will be unquestionable.

One page business plan for nonprofits is one of the hardest to write. Nonprofit companies do not have any revenue, as they serve the higher purposes, such us helping bereaved or sick people, animals, kids, orphans, or protecting someone’s rights, etc. However, they still need donors to fund their mission. It is important for such projects to be or get recognizable and likable in media and among the masses. Therefore, attention needs to be focused on a number of people who will receive help, the reliability, and dedication of the team.

Some one-page plans are being written for sales. They may either predict future sales or be a strategy for their increase. The main things to be included are market analysis, customers’ overview, competitive advantages, and financials. The plan has to aim for actual results and overview the milestones.

Many entrepreneurs write one-page project plans for themselves. This is a smart move, as it helps to get a big image of the project and analyze it faster. It is the situation when it is up to the entrepreneur how to structure the paper and what to include. However, it still has to be neat and understandable to update it easily when the time comes.

When you cannot decide on a purpose of writing or just need help making a business plan, our experts are always online to facilitate your life and complete papers for you. Custom your one-page BP with us anytime and get a stellar work that will successfully guide you through the project implementation.

If you are in a hurry and cannot wait to see your idea work, Pro-Papers is at your service whenever you need it! Our company is the best example that good business plans actually work. We want to help entrepreneurs to fulfill their dreams too and build a successful business. Thus, if you have a perfect “My one page business plan”-like idea but cannot put it into words, let our team do it for you!

In the recent years, we have accomplished dozens of one-page project plans, which have worked for their owners. Pro-papers are proud to be a part of so many prosperous companies. Each business writer in our team is a business plan expert with years of experience in preparing excellent papers. Our writers know exactly how to make your BP outstanding and creative. We can assure you that your idea is safe in our hands, and your confidentiality is guaranteed. Let our team make all of the researching, counting, and writing, while you can focus on your project entirely.


A feasibility analysis of a business plan is a work that analyzes whether a specific project is implementable. All of the big and successful companies conduct a feasibility study before getting to real actions to ensure that their idea will be profitable. If you are a greenie and just getting started with your business, it is crucial to check if your plan is viable to understand if it is worth investing into.

There is a huge difference between a feasibility study and a business plan. While the first one tells you if your business will work, the second one describes the way it will function. A BP may include some or all of the sections of a study to support the claims with real data.

The structure of the report on practicability depends on the project you have in mind. There are thousands of examples on the web, so if you are not sure which one to use, here is a general outline sample:

  • Executive summary – overviews key sections of a report.
  • Product/Service – provides a precise description of a product or a service a company will sell.
  • Analysis – adequately assesses projects viability using certain criteria.
  • Recommendations – show final findings and give appropriate recommendations regarding feasibility.

This example does not cover some of the major details, as they are individual for each idea. However, it gives a basic understanding of the way the work needs to be organized. You can look up a more specific template or ask our support team to send you a few that will fit your plan. Also, you may come up with a more original outline with the help of our professional writers. Simply ask our specialists to outline or “do my business plan for me” and let our experts conduct research and make your feasibility study accurate and organic.


Either you are a young entrepreneur or an experienced businessperson trying to enter a new market, the first thing you need to do before taking a certain project seriously is writing a feasibility report. You may have a fantastic idea, an outstanding product, and even millions of potential customers but it will not prevent you from a failure in a first few month if you do not think every detail through. The only thing that will show you real pitfalls and help your company stay afloat when you start it is a feasibility analysis. Therefore, you have to think of the parts that deserve your attention and may affect the project implementation the most.

First and the most important thing that has to be researched is a market condition. The number of your competitors will not matter if you see that the market is on a decline, as there is no way for a young firm to survive there. Think about the nearest future: there will be no demand for your service at the market in a few years, or the market itself will be moved aback by new technologies.

If the forecast is positive, the niche has to be large enough to fit your organization and let you get a decent revenue. Your product has to be unique, or have sufficient differences from others to make you competitive enough to stand against big corporations in the area. Hence, you have to research what your competitors sell to find the ways to make your company more attractive to the clients and build a few strategies to improve and develop your project.

There are a few other things worth focusing on while writing a feasibility report for business plan. It is crucial to think of technological and financial risks you are taking, and, if you will have no other choice, the ways you can quit the business without losing too much. You need to calculate whether you can afford the project and implement it on time. Also, it is vital to understand the way you will work with clients step by step from them ordering and up to you shipping the product, and what kind of resources this process will require.

You can find a lot more criteria for the analysis that will suit your idea, as the ones above will only show you a broad picture and will hardly give a precise final answer. Whenever you come up with a new project, do not forget to conduct a feasibility study for business plan before getting to the implementation. After you realize what it really takes to bring the idea to life and run a company, it will become clear if it is worth it and if you are able to manage your own firm.

A thorough analysis of such amount of aspects is a very troublesome process. It may take months to finish, and there is no guarantee that the results you get will be correct. Hence, there is no wonder you may have an idea to “pay someone to write my business plan”, or at least the most complex parts of it. Sometimes, it is better to leave the hard and time-consuming work to professionals to be able to concentrate on other important things.

Pro-Papers is exactly what you need in this case. We are a team of experts, who have completed hundreds of feasibility studies to prevent people with great projects from a huge failure during implementation. Our writers have necessary qualifications to conduct important research and make a thorough business plan feasibility analysis to provide you with an understandable report of high quality. We are online 24/7, so you can count on us whenever you think of a brilliant project. Let Pro-Papers help you to make life-changing decisions with confidence!


An operations business plan is a document that describes processes a company uses to satisfy clients’ needs. It may be a section of a BP or a separate piece if it covers numerous points and explains them in details. All of the operations project plans include two key sections: a daily operations plan, which describes what has to be performed to serve customers every day, and a list of milestones, which defines goals that have to be achieved within a certain period of time.

It is obvious that such work has a complicated structure, which depends on the product or a service a company will deliver. Therefore, an outline sample will be different for each idea, but there are some parts that have to be presented in every plan:

  • Location – describes and analyzes the place a company will be located at.
  • Equipment – shows the inventory you will need and the ways you are going to manage it.
  • Supplies – tell how and where you will get the materials you need and discusses the reliability of vendors.
  • Logistics – present the ways you are going to move or deliver products, materials, equipment, services, and other things necessary for your project.
  • Production – describes the process of making a product or rendering a service.
  • Sales – demonstrates how you are going to sell the product/service and make cash.
  • Organization – shows the hierarchy of your personnel and describes main functions.
  • Policies – present rules a company and clients have to follow to make cooperation pleasant and productive.
  • Objectives – define milestones and dates when a company will reach certain levels of performance.

These sections should not necessarily be placed in the same order as shown in the example of the structure. Some operations plans include a lot more points, but these are the basic ones, which will help you start analyzing the implementation process.

If you need a more specific outline, you can search for a template that will be more suitable for your idea. However, if the concept you have is unique, you might “need someone to write my business plan” as outlining and presenting your original project might be a rather complex task. Experts from Pro-Papers will gladly help your brainchild to make it to the real plan. Purchase a business plan on the operations from us and let specialists take care of the paperwork for you.


Some of the entrepreneurs with new creative ideas think that they know exactly how their business will work. However, most of them fail to get it running in a first few month because of things they have not considered and the problems they have not seen coming. The only way they could have saved themselves from the defeat was preparing an operations part of business plan. It is the only thing that can help to see how the concept is transformed into reality and know what it takes to implement it.

Therefore, if you want your idea to be executed properly and grow into a real company, you have to write an operations section of a business plan. It will make your company more efficient and effective in future. When you have a clear vision of the goals you want to achieve and the ways to do it, nothing will stop you on the way to success.

People never put their time or money into the projects that exist simply as concepts. If you want your employees, management team or the investors to be sure that your idea is going to work, there is nothing that will show it better than a qualitative business plan operations section. When it is evident that you have thought every action over and constructed a reliable system, then any person involved in the implementation of your idea will be able to make a necessary contribution with full confidence.

The operations planning process is very troublesome and may take months to accomplish. However, it is worth every minute spent on it, as in the end, you receive a solid foundation for managing your company. If you consider every point carefully, you will be able to provide your clients with the best service and receive a good revenue from every deal.

You do not need to cope with everything on your own if you have hard times visualizing the operations of the firm and feel in need of assistance with writing a business plan. Pro-Papers is a BP writing service that will make you forget about any writing and focus on your top priority – creating a successful company. We have a team of best business plan writers who are ready to work on your case and provide you with an outstanding and realistic plan. Our support team is online 24/7 to make your experience with our company fruitful and comfortable. Order business plan from Pro-Papers and let the experts help you turn your dreams into the real income!


Writing plans is extremely important in order to figure out and maintain an effective business strategy for your company. Generally speaking, BP writing means doing some calculations in regard to financial development, the growing popularity of a company’s products and/or services, realization and success of upcoming projects, various programs for the future, and so on.

Noting such data is simply necessary, because this information becomes some kind of a base that helps your project exist and evolve, and it makes your company’s name recognizable, its products and/or services current. Basically, if your goal is to be successful in what you do, writing the best business plan and implementing it should become an essential part of your life from now on.

Most of the time BP writing does not happen to be exclusive. It means that such custom written papers are rarely prepared for someone in particular. Usually, the companies write it for each other, and sometimes it is even appropriate to share the finished or semi-finished work with others.

Also, it is clear that business plan assignment for university is not a rare case. Teaching specialists in certain spheres, some facilities try preparing students for being entrepreneurs, and not just workers in the specific fields. And while business plans for college students are rather uncommon assignments, there are multiple programs like MBA that request their students to create such projects for alleged companies. That is why we are here, ready to help everyone, whether student or entrepreneur, who needs professional academic paper help.


The main reason why you should consider using our business plan assignment help is a simple fact that this kind of document makes a huge difference to your academic and/or business career. Therefore, it is better to avoid unnecessary risks when it comes to such serious things that could greatly influence your future. Our company’s skilled academic writing team is always ready to provide you with effective paper help and create a business plan online for you according to the personal requirements.

The benefits of trying out our writing service can definitely make your studies and careers a lot easier to maintain. Not only we offer you excellent custom written papers for reduced prices, but also our customer support center that works 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The members of our professional academic writing team will always answer all your questions and help you to solve all of your problems when you are trying to figure out how to write a good paper before the deadline.

Our company provides its customers with an excellent writing service. All of the hired writers are incredibly talented specialists in various fields of study, business included. And hence, BP writing is a regular order for our team, and we have enough confidence to state that we perfectly understand the structure and main purpose of such custom written papers.

We can also guarantee that all the proficient writers who are involved in our business writing service are native English speakers so that they always make sure that there are no grammatical and stylistic mistakes when our customers buy papers from us. That is why there is no need to be worried about the quality and authenticity of pieces of writing fulfilled by our team.

Everything our writers produce is 100% original and free of plagiarism. We deeply respect all of our customers; therefore, we always care about their academic careers and also, make sure that they are satisfied with every order. Our company would never jeopardize the professional relationship with its customers. It is clear that our clients expect to get a flawlessly written BP that would be properly formatted afterward, and we are ready to meet their expectations.


You may have an innovative and superior idea, but the ugly truth is that the world cannot care less. People are busy living their own lives and running their own companies, and an idea is hardly something that can make their worlds stop spinning. However, a nice project or a great plan is. Why is there a difference?

Imagine a person, who has a Ph.D. in literature, and who you barely know, told you he wants to build a spaceship. You would think he is out of his mind and has no real goals in life. But what if that person came up to you with a blueprint and precise calculations made by professional physicists and mathematicians saying that he only needs materials and knows where to find them? You would definitely become interested.

For potential partners, investors, and other people in the niche, your idea may sound as crazy as a spaceship building. However, if you show that you know exactly how to implement it and make it work in practice, they will start taking it seriously and can even help you execute it. Hence, if you have a well-defined idea, the only thing that can make it real is a good business plan.

People with amazing ideas have always been the ones who made a change. However, a modern world has its own requirements, and nowadays, having an idea is not enough. It is important to be strong, competitive and know how to make your plans work. Also, it is vital to have your every action written on paper.

If you do not feel like you can make a good research, accurate financial calculations, or you just want to start your business faster, there is no need to make a pig’s ear of a plan, as there is a way to do it both quickly and qualitatively. Pro-Papers is one of the best writing services in the USA, Australia, Ireland, UK, and many other countries, serving clients all over the world and providing quality business plan writing help daily. Our professionals have been writing plans for businesses for years and know how to make each one a titbit for investors.

The experts will gladly help you to put your idea on the paper, and prepare a great implementation plan that you can adjust in the process. You will be able to communicate with a specialist and discuss possible ways of presenting each section in a paper or a presentation. If you already have a business plan, but you are not sure it is appealing or includes a precise data, Pro-Papers offers a great editorial service, which will help even the plainest plan become polished and classy. You may not worry about your personal information or project details, as we keep all of the data private and never disclose it to any third parties. We have very strict policies, and our writers will not be able to use or publish your work under any circumstances.

We know it seems like good BP writing services cost a lot, and it is close to impossible to find and hire business plan writers for cheap for your project. However, Pro-Papers is trying to make writings affordable for everyone. Therefore, we offer a wide range of discounts and special offers that will help our clients save some money and still receive high-quality works.

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How to Write the Sales and Marketing…


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3 Things to Look for When Hiring a Business Plan Writer



I’ve been quite vocal with my concern that farming your business plan out is usually a bad idea.

A business plan is not a one-time task— it’s an ongoing practice.  The writing, formatting, and cosmetics of a business plan are nowhere near as important as its contents ( though they’re still important ); and its contents should change often. Real companies with real business plans review and revise them often.

See Also:  How to Write a Business Plan

Be aware of common pitfalls

The underlying reason for my caution on the topic of outsourcing the writing of your business plan is the confusion about what makes a business plan successful. Some people think it’s about the paper itself, or even the writing. But these are not the all-important factors.

For example, my article  My Worst Ever Business Plan Engagement  tells a true story of smart entrepreneurs with a solid business plan not getting funded because they didn’t know the plan by heart.

So, before you dive headfirst into finding someone to write your plan, read these two articles:  10 Questions to Ask Before Hiring a Business Plan Writer,  and Business Plan Writing Can’t Perfume a Pig.

I had to explain this earlier this month, in response to a question on “How do I make an impressive business plan?”

Make no mistake, it’s the business that’s impressive or not; it isn’t the business plan.

A business plan is impressive when it combines a credible team with an attractive market, plus differentiators, barriers to competition, good product-market fit, some proprietary secret sauce.

The best you can do with the writing and formatting and such is keep that all out of the way, so it doesn’t interfere with the content.

Start by doing your own planning

Like everything else in business, the planning process should adhere to the general business principle of getting a return on investment of time and effort, as well as money. Before you go for outside help, focus on the business purpose.

If your business plan is to help you manage better by setting strategy, tactics, milestones, metrics, and essential projections, tracking results and revising often, then the keys to success with that task are not related to what you normally get by having an outsider do it for you.

See Also:  How to Develop Your Business Strategy

If, on the other hand, you have a business plan event, in which a business plan is a requirement for a loan, investor, divorce settlement, strategic ally, or some other outsider, then in that case maybe you do have a business need to go beyond the basics and formalize a plan with well-written summaries, descriptions, and so forth. As always in business, form follows function. So first, you decide what you really need, for real business purposes.

Assuming you do need to show a plan to outsiders, as you go for help you look for a coach or advisor, not somebody to just write your plan for you so you don’t have to.

Here’s a quick summary in video:

Look for a coach, advisor, and confidante

Still, let’s assume for a moment that you are a business owner, or that you want to start a new business, and you have a budget to pay for help and you don’t want to do your business plan by yourself.

Am I suggesting you shouldn’t even try to get help? No. I am saying that you can do it yourself and that you do know how. Anybody who can develop a business can develop a business plan. A plan is good or not based on its content, specifics, milestones, scalability, defensibility, financial projections, and team in charge. It’s not style, writing, or formatting.

Of course, I’m biased on this question too because here I am writing on Bplans, surrounded by ads for  LivePlan,  which exists to make it easy for you to do your plan yourself.

Still, I made a living doing business plans for owners and entrepreneurs for more than 15 years, and I deal with bad business plans often enough since I read more than 100 startup business plans every year. So I don’t say don’t ever get help. As with a lot of business tasks, maybe a coach can help, somebody to look over your shoulders, particularly on the financial projections. You want the math and finance to be correct.

1. Find someone who is in it for the long haul

Avoid hiring anybody that assumes a business plan is a one-time thing, to be used once and discarded. That’s just not the way real business planning works anymore. Business plans go stale in a matter of weeks.

For a plan to be useful, you need to review results regularly, track progress, and revise often. So you have to have somebody helping who will either pass the plan on completely so you can review and revise it easily, or be available later to help with review and revision.

Some business plan writers think like coaches and have that kind of relationship in mind, and some don’t. Avoid working with somebody who will deliver a plan and disappear. 

2. Find someone with useful industry experience

Given that the actual content of the plan matters way more than cosmetics, if you look for somebody to help you, you want to find somebody with related experience who can compare your plan to what the experience indicates will really happen.

You want somebody who can tell you if you are projecting marketing expenses as too low to be realistic, or profits too high. You want somebody who can tip you off to what metrics will matter. Those metrics are usually specific to your business, so you probably know them already.

For example, some businesses grow based on traffic, others conversion rates, and others sales per square feet, trips, leads, presentations, or whatever.

3. Ideally, find someone on your team

The best place to find somebody who will be around for the long term, who knows your industry, and who has relevant experience, is somebody already on your team. Think through your roster of managers and advisors.

If you assume doing a business plan is something that anybody who knows the business can do—not a specialized skill—is there somebody who might be able to lead the task for you, and take it over?  If yes, you’re set.

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A business plan is not a one-time task—it’s an ongoing practice. Real companies review and revise plans often. So, what should you do if you need help?
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Should You Bring In A Consultant To Help Develop Your Business Plan?

A business consultant works with a business owner to develop a plan for their business You’ve decided you need a business plan, but you’ve been struggling so much with it that you’re ready to drop the whole thing. Now may be the time to ask yourself: should I complete the plan by myself or should I hire a consultant? If you decide to hire a professional business plan development consultant , what skills and qualifications should you look for? What services should they provide? Finally, how much should you expect to pay? Let’s explore the answers.

How serious are you about the business?

If you are just toying with an idea, or have not invested much time in research and planning, you may not be ready to think about a business plan. If you aren’t committed to your business idea, you will just be wasting everyone’s time — and your own money — by hiring a consultant at this stage.

Which is more precious to you: your money or your time?

This sounds like a silly question, but it really isn’t. Many entrepreneurs are unemployed or underemployed, and have lots of time but very little money. In that case, you must be judicial about the level of service you will need from a consultant. If you are a good writer, you can simply hire a consultant to guide and advise you, but do most of the writing yourself. This is an excellent use of your hard-earned money and will always be a good investment as long as you choose a real professional who understands your business. Keep in mind that good consultants are in high demand and charge accordingly. It is far better to budget for the planning phase and only hire someone good when you can pay their fees, rather than hire someone who doesn’t know what they are doing and waste your money.

On the other hand, if you are fully employed, or have significant funds, you may be in the enviable situation of having more money than time. In this case, you should definitely hire a consultant to guide you through the business planning process , and maybe even write the business plan for you. However, if you want a useful business plan, recognize that you still need to be involved at every step of the process, and understand everything in the plan — from the mission statement through the exit strategy . Otherwise you’ll just end up with a very expensive paperweight.

Have you ever started a business before?

If not, then you should definitely consider hiring someone to help you develop the concept, research the market and competition , construct realistic financial projections, and help you explore some of the risks involved. Furthermore, any business plan consultant worth his or her salt will be able to provide some guidance in setting up your company, finding office or retail space, etc. Generally, the consultant will refer you to trusted experts in each sub-specialty (legal, real estate, accounting, insurance, etc.), or at least steer you in the right direction.

Do you need to obtain bank financing or other investment capital to start the business?

This is an area fraught with peril because you generally get only one shot when it comes to investors. If they don’t like what they see the first time, they usually move on to the next opportunity. A professional consultant can increase your chances of getting funding for your business , and your likelihood of succeeding once you get funded. The key here is to make sure the plan is based on reality, not fantasy.

What is the market potential for your business idea, and how much of that market do you want to capture?

If the market is very large (say billions of dollars), and you want to grow the business to a sizeable percentage of this, then the risk of not getting things right from the beginning far outweighs the small cost of hiring a consultant to make sure you get it right. This is the one case where it never makes sense to “do it yourself”. The key, however, is to hire someone who really adds value.

If you decide you need some professional help, then you need to consider a different set of questions.

What should you look for when you hire a professional consultant?

First, and foremost, make sure they really are professionals. Look for the following:

  • Do they have a credible website?
  • Are they incorporated?
  • Do they do this for a living, or is it just a hobby?
  • Do they have satisfied clients and will they refer you to these clients?
  • Do they understand your business?
  • If the answers to all of these questions are “yes”, then you might be in luck.

Do you feel comfortable with this person or group?

The most successful arrangement is “collaborative”. You need to have some give and take with the consultant. You should feel comfortable asking questions, and the consultant should be willing to answer your questions. If not, it just won’t work. Beyond that, you need to trust this person (or group). If you feel they are playing games or don’t listen, then walk away.

The same holds in reverse. If you withhold information from the consultant, don’t return phone calls, or play some other sort of game, then you are wasting your time and money.

How many people will work on your business plan?

If the answer is “one” then you may not get the highest quality work. No single individual excels at everything. In my experience the best results come when you have one person driving the project, but 2-3 others (with different skill sets) also involved. This is a case where you need one executive chef, but too many cooks spoil the broth.

What should you expect to pay?

A professional business plan consultant will generally charge between $3,000 and $15,000 for a complete business plan (although there are cases where $50,000 is justified). The low end applies for “simple” businesses such as a pizza shop, a small retail store, a hairdressing salon, etc. If your business plan involves new or complicated technology, unusual or multiple revenue streams, or requires significant investment capital, you should expect fees at the higher end of this scale. Often I find clients come to me claiming their plan is “simple”. Once we start digging into the details, we find things are a little more complicated than they thought. A good consultant will have enough experience to figure out a way through the complexity and identify one or more possible solutions.

How can you save money and still ensure high quality?

The key is to figure out what you know, and what you are good at. Then have a consultant help fill in the gaps. For instance, suppose you have a strong background in sales and technology, but have little expertise in marketing and finance. Then you should find a consultant who excels in marketing and finance. Of course they still need to understand almost everything about the business, but if you can focus on what you do best and have them fill in the gaps, you will save yourself some money and also end up with a much stronger business plan than if you did everything yourself.

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About Andrew Clarke

Andrew Clarke is President of Ground Floor Partners. Over the past twenty years he has advised hundreds of small businesses on strategy, marketing, real estate and finance. He is passionate about small business, social and environmental justice, and is a proud member of the American Sustainable Business Council , Food and Water Watch , Green America , Food Consultants Group , and the American Planning Association .

  • Two Ways to Grow Your Business – July 31, 2018
  • The Driving Force of the US Economy – July 16, 2018
  • What Goes Into a Restaurant Feasibility Study – July 10, 2018
  • Business Assessments – A Critical Component in Your Company’s Success – June 4, 2018
  • Why Restaurants Fail – May 29, 2018
  • Great Business Leaders Delegate and Empower – April 26, 2018
  • The People Behind Great Business Leaders – March 30, 2018
  • Could Your Business Benefit from a Strategic Alliance? – March 9, 2018
  • B Corporations – Business as a Force for Good – February 19, 2018
  • How to Minimize Business Growing Pains – January 26, 2018

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Essay Tips: How to conclude your paper.


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How to Write a Conclusion Paragraph

Conclusion paragraphs can be tricky to write, but a clear conclusion can sum up your main points and leave your reader with a clear sense of what to take away from your overall essay. Creating a strong essay means making sure that you have a clear introduction , several body paragraphs, and an equally strong conclusion.  Read on for a step-by-step guide on how to write a conclusion paragraph, and then check out our library of conclusion worksheets to get plenty of practice in how to write a strong conclusion.

How to Write a Conclusion Paragraph

Choose Smooth Conclusion Transition Words

Your conclusion paragraph should begin with a smooth transition from the body of your essay. The first sentence of your paragraph should include clear transition words to signal to your reader that you are beginning to wrap up your essay. Different transition words can have different effects, so be sure to choose a transition word or phrase that clearly communicates that you are closing your essay. Some common examples of conclusion transition words and phrases include words / phrases like “in conclusion”, “to conclude”, “in summary”, “all things considered”, “ultimately”, “to sum up”, “in essence” and “in short”. Learn more about the different types of transition words .

Restate Main Points

Once you have signaled that you are drawing your essay to a close, you can then restate the main points of your essay. Depending on the length of your essay, this may be done in a single sentence, or it may require a few sentences. Be concise and clear; you should be able to summarize each main point in a simple phrase that avoids restating each detail and piece of evidence related to the point. Simply list off the points as a reminder to your audience about what they’ve just read.

Restate Your Argument

Finally, if you’re writing an argumentative essay, you’ll want to clearly restate your main argument in order to leave readers with one final appeal. If you have provided enough evidence along the way, this restatement should make readers feel as if you’ve persuaded them fully.

Call to Action

For some expository and argumentative essays, it’s appropriate to end with a call to action as your last sentence. For example, if you’re writing an informative essay about the sea creatures that live in the very deepest parts of the ocean, you may close with a sentence like this: “It’s clear that today’s scientists should continue to observe and document these mysterious creatures, so we may all learn more about life at the bottom of the ocean.” A call to action like this can make your reader feel inspired and informed after reading your essay.

What to Avoid with Conclusion Transitions

When writing a strong conclusion paragraph, you want to keep it simple. Use a clear transition word or phrase, restate your main points and argument, and possibly finish with a call to action. Be sure to avoid the following missteps:

  • New Information. Your conclusion is not the place to introduce anything new. Simply restate and summarize the main points clearly.
  • Personal Opinion. Unless you are writing an opinion piece that includes several “I” statements throughout, avoid ending your essay with a sudden “I think…” or “I feel…” If you haven’t been including your personal opinion throughout the essay, then you shouldn’t insert your opinion into the conclusion.
  • Lots of Details. When you restate your main points, don’t worry about restating all the small details that make up your description or evidence. The place for details is in your body paragraphs. The conclusion is simply for summary and a possible call for action or next steps.

Check out our printable conclusion paragraph worksheets too!

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F. Concluding Paragraph


  • The conclusion needs to 1. restate the paper’s main points 2. answer the question, “Who cares?”, and 3. finish the paper with something punchy.


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You have written a beautiful introduction and body, and now you have to finish the draft off by writing the conclusion! You want to finish strong and leave the reader with an interesting closing thought.

That being said, your concluding paragraph has to 1. briefly summarize your work (without sounding redundant), 2. illustrate why your paper is significant, and 3. end with a punch.

The conclusion should be formatted like an upside-down introduction–from the most specific to the most general. Therefore, the first sentence of your conclusion paragraph should describe the main points of your paper:

“Although there were a variety of lesser factors, the ultimate demise of the Roman Empire was a result of three main ones: poor leadership, outside pressure from barbarian forces, and weakening cultural unity.”

“Although Microsoft, Google, and Apple have similar company roots–nerdy college-aged kids tinkering around in garages–they have developed into very different companies. Apple has developed around the personality of a single person, while Microsoft and Google–while heavily influenced by their founders–have taken a less centralized approach.”

The trick with this sentence (or two) is to reiterate your paper’s main idea without sounding redundant. Copying and pasting your thesis is not a good idea. Another bad idea is to start out with a hollow-sounding phrase like “In conclusion,” “In summary,” or “As a whole.” These not-so-subtle phrases are sure to bore your reader.

Next, your conclusion has to relate your issue to a broader idea or question. Let’s say you’re writing a paper on symbolism and social overtones in The Crucible (a play by Arthur Miller about the Salem Witch Trials). In your conclusion, you should explain why your paper is significant.
Who cares? Who cares about Miller’s use of symbolism?

Your conclusion should make a link between the contents of your paper and a larger issue. A larger issue could be something like

  • How the social overtones in the book have influenced how people view the Salem Witch Trials in hindsight
  • How Miller’s style has influenced other playwrights or authors
  • How Miller’s use of symbolism was seen by his contemporaries

Now is not the time to make a wild, unsupported claim. A small connection will suffice.

[Sentence restating paper’s main points about symbols in Miller’s play.] Miller’s use of symbolism in The Crucible dramatizes the hypothetical Salem described in his play. Such dramatization calls into question how much the theoretical Salem in Miller’s play differed from the historical Salem, which is a key question that makes the play so controversial and enduring.

The ‘larger issue’ here is how Miller’s use of symbolism helps underscore the difference between the Salem described in the play and the historical Salem. The difference between the two is a key question.

Another technique you might use for your conclusion is to describe where additional study needs to be done–where your essay stops and another essay could start.

At the end of your conclusion, you should have a punchy sentence that leaves your reader with an interesting thought. One way of doing this is to reconnect your ending sentence with your title:

Say you’re writing a paper on the similarities of Zeus and his son Hercules:
Title: Like Father, Like Son: Exploring Paternal Relationships in Greek Mythology

Concluding sentences: Hercules’ demeanor, athleticism, and attitude are similar to that of his father, Zeus. Both gods exemplify Greek ideals of masculinity. Greek mythological texts, then, reinforce the idea that fathers should pass Greek cultural values onto their sons. The story of Hercules reinforces the colloquial phrase, “like father, like son.”

Here the ‘larger issue’ is how Greek cultural values are shaped by Greek mythology. The ending is punchy. It contains a nice, memorable phrase and circles back to the interesting title.


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    UC Irvine’s Paul Merage School of Business Full-Time MBA Program Ranks 39th in the Nation in The Economist Report

    Article ID: 683958

    Released: 26-Oct-2017 3:05 PM EDT

    Source Newsroom: University of California, Irvine, The Paul Merage School of Business

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    Education , Local – California

  • MBA Rankings , UCI Paul Merage School of Business
  • Newswise — In its first year of eligibility, the UCI Paul Merage School of Business Full-Time MBA program was ranked by The Economist in a report released today. The Merage School placed 39th in the nation, 16th among public schools, and 56th in the world.  The school scored well in categories including 29th in Open New Career Opportunities; 17th in alumnus rating of career services; and 13th in salary increase.

    “Our Full-Time MBA program prepares business leaders for successful careers managing the disruption of today’s digitally driven world. By leveraging everything they learn at the Merage School, they are realizing a high return on their investment, not just in terms of salary, but also management responsibilities and opportunity,” said Jon Kaplan, assistant dean, Full-Time MBA and Specialty Masters programs at the Merage School.

    Just last month, Forbes released its Top American MBA Programs report ranking the Merage School’s Full-Time MBA program at 41st in the nation based on return-on-investment.  

    “Our recent rankings reflect the success our graduates and the quality of the students we recruit, combined with the expertise and professionalism of our faculty and staff.  With a new curricula focus on the strategies for leadership in a digitally driven world, we expect to climb even higher in the future,” said Eric Spangenberg, dean of the Merage School. 

    “I’m pleased to see how well our alumni ranked our Career Center services,” said Tom Kozicki, executive director of the Career Center at the Merage School.  “We strive to help our graduates successfully launch, grow and manage their careers and this ranking reflects the fact that our alumni recognize the value and are benefitting from our career services. It also reflects the ability of our alumni to effectively navigate their careers.” 

    To see The Economist’s full ranking report, visit .

    About the Methodology

    Each year The Economist surveys thousands of MBA students and asks them why they decided to enroll in a full-time MBA program. The weightings they use for their ranking are based on the importance students themselves place on different criteria.  Data were collected during spring 2017, using two surveys. The first was completed by schools with eligible programs and covers quantitative matters such as the salary of graduates, the average GMAT scores of students and the number of registered alumni. This accounts for around 80 percent of the ranking. The remaining 20 percent comes from a qualitative survey filled out by current MBA students and a school’s most recent graduating MBA class. For more details about the methodology visit, .

    About The Paul Merage School of Business at UC Irvine

    The Paul Merage School of Business at UC Irvine offers four dynamic MBA programs – plus PhD, specialty masters and undergraduate business degrees – designed to prepare business students to lead in a digitally driven world. Through on-campus and online programs, students acquire the exceptional ability to grow their organizations through strategic innovation, analytical decision-making, digital information technology and collaborative execution. While the Merage School is relatively young, it has quickly grown to rank consistently among the top five percent of all business programs worldwide through exceptional student recruitment, world-class faculty, a strong alumni network and close relationships with both individual business executives and global corporations. Additional information is available at


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    A doctoral dissertation must be a dissertator’s own work. If it is the result of research enterprises in which others have collaborated, a substantial portion must represent the dissertator’s own contribution and the other research participants must be identified.

    Effective September 1, 2017, dissertations must acknowledge contributions received from other individuals, including co-authors of published work that appears in the document, such as in designing the research, executing the research, analyzing the data, interpreting the data/research, or writing, proofing, or copyediting the manuscript.

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    List of Questions Asked on a Job Application


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    Depending on the position, job applications take many different forms and include a wide range of questions. Employers will often use an application for part-time, entry-level, and blue collar jobs as a way to whittle down those candidates they want to interview.

    For more professional jobs, an application may be required in addition to a resume and cover letter. Having every candidate complete a job application provides the employer with consistent information for each person in the applicant pool. Signing the application, either by pen or online, attests that  all the information provided by the applicant is truthful . When companies use applicant tracking systems (ATS), that means an automated system is in place.

    When you’re applying for a job in-person, bring a list of your employment details with you . It will be much easier to complete the application if you have the information with you, and don’t have to rely on memory. For online job applications, have a copy of your resume available so you can copy and paste information directly into the employer’s application form.

    List of Questions Asked on a Job Application

    Below is a list of some of the types of information which you may need to supply, though not all of this will be required for every application.

    • Name, address, telephone number, email
    • Desired job
    • Desired salary
    • Previous jobs including titles, duties, employers, locations, and dates of employment
    • Salary history (including current salary and previous salaries)
    • Names of previous supervisors
    • Permission to contact your current employer
    • Reasons for leaving prior jobs
    • Educational background including majors, degrees, schools, locations, dates of attendance/graduation, GPA, honors, awards
    • Extracurricular activities
    • Military experience
    • Volunteer work
    • Specific skills related to the job 
    • Essay with topics such as why you’re interested in, or qualified for, the job
    • Hobbies/Interests
    • How you learned about the job
    • Employees you know at the company
    • References  (typically three references with their contact information) 
    • Licenses/Certifications
    • Whether you have access to an automobile for work purposes
    • Driving record
    • Whether you have the authorization to work in the US
    • Times and days available to work
    • Start and end dates you’re available for seasonal and temporary jobs
    • Social Security Number  (only legally required in some states, you may want to say “will furnish prior to employment offer” or “please contact me to discuss”) 
    • Have you been convicted of a crime and, if so, what crime and when ( only legal in some states )
    • Certification that all the information you have supplied is accurate

    Tips for Applying for a Job 

    Bring the necessary information or have it ready to input online. That includes your resume details, identification (including a social security card and driver’s license), proof of citizenship, and contact information for previous employers.

    Follow instructions precisely. Read and review the entire application first before you fill it out, and then do so legibly. Consider the application as a reflection of your work ethic. Don’t leave any questions blank (write “N/A” for answers that aren’t applicable) and don’t write “see resume” instead of answering a question. For online applications, check for typos before you submit it.

    Shape your answers to fit the job. Avoid writing a laundry list of your education and experience. Instead, offer details about skills and accomplishments rather than a list of duties. To substantiate your experience, draw on your school work, extracurricular activities, and volunteer work . Try to craft an application that sets you apart and details why you’re not only qualified but bring uniqueness to the role.

    List references. Provide professional references , if you have them. If you don’t have a long work history, include character references in addition to (or instead of) past employers. If your work history is more robust, choose references who can attest to your skills and accomplishments relevant to the position.

    Avoid specifying salary requirements. Employers often use this question to screen applications, and you don’t want to be ruled out before getting an interview. The best answer is “negotiable” or “open.”

    Review Examples: Job Application Form Samples

    1. Home
    2. Job hunting
    3. CVs and cover letters
    4. How to write a cover letter

    How to write a cover letter

    Always include a cover letter when sending your CV out to employers. A good cover letter should make an employer interested enough to read your application thoroughly, and call you for an interview. Here are some tips to help you.

    What’s on this page?

    • What information to include in your cover letter
    • Do your skills and experience match the job requirements?
    • Why do you want this job?
    • What your cover letter should look like

    What information to include in your cover letter

    Your cover letter should give an employer an idea of who you are, and explain what skills you could bring to the job.

    You should also explain to an employer why you are interested in their business, and the particular role. Showing a genuine interest helps you stand out among other candidates, so it is important to tailor your cover letters so they relate specifically to each job application.

    Do your skills and experience match the job requirements?

    To get an employer interested, you need to explain how your skills, attributes and achievements match those needed in the job vacancy.

    You can use information about your work history, including voluntary work, life experience, education and training and, if relevant, personal activities.

    • Explain why you are the best person for the company and how your skills will meet the company’s needs. Link your experience, skills and qualifications to what the employer has asked for, and show that you meet the job requirements.
    • Use two or three key examples to demonstrate your suitability for the job. 
    • Promote yourself – explain how you can contribute to the company. Focus on what you have to offer, rather than what you want.
    • Research the company and show your knowledge by sharing any recommendations you have. For example: “With 10 years of retail management experience and a record of rapid advancement, I have found at least three ways to increase sales at your Wellington outlet.”

    Why do you want this job?

    Ways to demonstrate your interest in the job could include:

    • showing how motivated and enthusiastic you are, and how you can fit into the organisation
    • discussing your personal qualities and why the position interests you
    • mentioning any personal interests or activities that are relevant to the company and the work it does
    • commenting on something positive about the company and letting them know why you would want to work there. For example, you could refer to the company’s reputation, management philosophy, product quality, or other factors that impress you.

    What your cover letter should look like

    Your cover letter may be the first contact you have with a prospective employer, so it is important to make a good impression. If your cover letter makes a poor impression, your CV may not be read.

    How to structure your cover letter

    • Cover letters are usually no more than one page long.
    • Address your letter to the relevant person, rather than starting with “Dear Sir/Madam”. If you are not sure who to address your letter to, contact the employer and ask.
    • Your letter should start by stating where you heard about the job. This directly relates your application to a position they have advertised. If no specific opening has been advertised be sure to state what your job objective is.
    • End by saying you look forward to an interview, and that you are willing to provide further information.

    How to word your cover letter

    • Be professional, warm and friendly.
    • Make the letter interesting to read, but short and to the point. Do not repeat everything you say in your CV.
    • Be enthusiastic and assertive but not pushy. Do not beg for a position.
    • Use simple, natural language, avoiding clichés and expressions like “aforementioned”.
    • Use positive words and phrases such as “I have” or “I can”. 
    • You can put your key points in a bulleted list, or in a comparison list-style in which you directly compare your specific experiences and accomplishments with the company’s stated needs. 
    • Don’t use words that weaken your message or give the impression that you lack confidence – for example, “fairly experienced” or “some knowledge”.
    • Do not start every sentence or paragraph with “I”.

    How to present your cover letter

    • Use clean, white, A4-sized paper and keep it neat. Don’t send cover letters that are photocopied or marked.
    • Use an easily read font (or tidy handwriting if you are asked to supply a handwritten letter). Examples include Calibri, Georgia, Helvetica, Arial and Times New Roman.
    • Leave plenty of space around the edges of the page and clear space between each paragraph or section. 

    How to make sure you send out the best cover letters you can

    • Write a rough draft first so you can get your thoughts in order. 
    • Remember that whoever reads your cover letter will consider it an example of your writing skills. Make sure there are no grammatical mistakes and that the spelling is perfect.
    • Always get another person to read your letter before sending it to an employer. 
    • Keep copies of all letters sent – when you get an interview it is very useful to know what you have written. It also makes the next letter easier to write.

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    Resumes & Cover Letters

    How to Write a Cover Letter: 31 Tips You Need to Know


    The Muse Editor

    Write a Cover Letter

    Ah, the dreaded cover letter. Every time you sit down to write one, you probably browse cover letter examples online, get overwhelmed, and think something to the effect of: Does anyone really read these? Wouldn’t it be so much easier if I could just let my resume speak for itself?

    First off: Yes, we can assure you that cover letters do, in fact, get read. In fact, to some hiring managers, they’re the most important part of your application. And yes, while it would be easier to let your resume speak for itself, if that was the case you’d completely miss the opportunity to tell prospective employers who you are, showcase why they should hire you, and stand out above all the other candidates.

    Ready to get started? To make sure your cover letter is in amazing shape (and is as painless as possible to write), we’ve compiled our 31 best cover letter tips of all time into one place.

    Read on—then get cover letter writing.

    1. Don’t Regurgitate Your Resume

    Instead of just repeating yourself (“I was in charge of reviewing invoice disputes”), use your cover letter to describe additional details that you weren’t able to squeeze onto the single page of your resume: “By resolving invoice disputes, I gained a deep analytical knowledge—but more importantly, I learned how to interact calmly and diplomatically with angry customers.” A cover letter gives you the freedom to use full sentences—instead of bullet points—so use them to expand upon your resume points and tell the story of why you’re the perfect fit for the company.

    2. Think Not What the Company Can Do for You

    A common cover letter mistake? Talking about how great the position would be for you and your resume. Frankly, hiring managers are aware of that—what they really want to know is what you’re going to bring to the position and company. On that note:

    3. Clearly Show What You’re Capable Of

    Beyond explaining what you’ve done in the past, show hiring managers what you can do in the future. “Determine the key requirements and priorities for this job, and make it instantly clear to the reviewer that you can deliver the goods on these key things,” says Jenny Foss , job search expert and founder of . “Consider crafting a section within the letter that begins with, ‘Here’s what, specifically, I can deliver in this role.’ And then expound upon your strengths in a few of the priority requirements for that role.”

    4. Showcase Your Skills

    When you know you have the potential to do the job—but your past experience doesn’t totally sell you as the perfect one for the position—try focusing on your skills, instead. Here’s a template that helps you do just that.

    5. …Not Necessarily Your Education

    Many new grads make the mistake of over-focusing on their educational backgrounds. At the end of the day, what hiring managers care about most is your work experience (and yes, that can be volunteer or internship experience, too)—and what you can walk through the door and deliver on Day 1.

    6. Don’t Apologize for Skills You Don’t Have

    When you don’t meet all of the job requirements, it’s common for job seekers to use lines like, “Despite my limited experience with marketing…” or “While I only have work experience doing administrative tasks…” But why apologize? Instead of drawing attention to your weaknesses, try to focus on the skills you do have, says career expert Lily Zhang . “Stay positive, focus on your strengths, and immediately launch into your transferable skills and infectious enthusiasm for the position.”

    7. Highlight the Right Experiences

    Not sure what skills and experiences you should be featuring? Drop the text of the job description into a word cloud tool like Wordle , and see what stands out. That’s what the hiring manager is looking for most.

    8. Tell a Story

    What brings you to this company? Did you used to sing along to all of its commercials as a kid? Did the product make some incredible difference in your life? Do you sometimes pull into the parking lot and daydream about what it would feel like to work there? Stories bring your background and experiences to life, so feel free to tell them. (Just, you know, keep them short and to the point.)

    9. Use a Few Numbers

    When it comes to the job search, numbers often speak louder than words. “Offer stats to illustrate your impact on companies or associations you’ve worked for in the past,” suggests career expert and founder of ProfessionGal Megan Broussard . “Employers love to see numbers—it shows them that you speak their language and that you understand what they’re looking for in an employee: results.”

    10. Consider Testimonials

    If you have great feedback from old co-workers, bosses, or clients, don’t be afraid to use it! A seamless way to integrate a positive quote from a previous manager or client is to use it as evidence of your passion for your area of expertise. For example, “I have developed a keen interest in data science during my years working various political campaigns (as my past supervisor once said, I love Excel more than anyone she knows).”

    11. Cut the Formality

    “Don’t be overly formal (‘I wish to convey my interest in filling the open position at your fine establishment’),” writes career expert Mark Slack . “It makes you seem insincere and even robotic, not anything like the friendly, approachable, and awesome-to-work-with person you are.

    12. Think Custom, Not Canned

    Most companies want to see that you’re truly excited about the position and company, which means creating a custom letter for each position you apply for. “When a recruiter reads, ‘Dear Hiring Manager, I am so excited to apply for the open position at your company, where I hope to utilize my skills to progress in my career,’ he or she immediately recognizes it for what it is—a stock cover letter that you’ve mass-distributed to every place in town,” says Muse career expert Katie Douthwaite . And then probably throws it in the trash.

    13. Start With a Template

    That said, there’s nothing that says you can’t get a little help. Our easy, downloadable cover letter guide will walk you through, step-by-step, how to create a cover letter that rocks.

    14. …Or Some Inspiration

    Having trouble getting started? Check out 31 examples of how to start your cover letter in an engaging, attention-grabbing way or these eight examples of awesome cover letters that actually worked.

    15. Be Open to Other Formats

    If you’re applying to a more traditional company, then the tried-and-true three-to-five-paragraph format probably makes sense. However, if you’re gunning for a more creative or startup job—or need to explain to the hiring manager, say, how your career has taken you from teaching to business development, a different approach could be appropriate. Here at The Muse, we’ve seen cover letters use bullet points, tell stories, or showcase videos to (successfully) get their point across. This professional even turned hers into a BuzzFeed-style list!

    16. But Don’t Go Too Far

    Just—don’t. Keep it professional.

    17. Consider Adding a Headline

    One formatting idea from The Undercover Recruiter ? Add an eye-catching headline to your letter, like “3 Reasons I’m an Excellent Fit for the Marketing Manager Position.” Again, no one says you have to follow the tried-and-true format, and this can be an easy way to catch the hiring manager’s eye quickly.

    18. Be Real

    “Honest, genuine writing always goes much, much further than sticking to every dumb rule you’ve ever read in stale, outdated career guides and college textbooks,” explains Foss .

    19. …And Normal

    We can’t tell you how many cover letters we’ve seen from people who are “absolutely thrilled for the opportunity” or “very excitedly applying!” Downplay the adverbs a bit, and just write like a normal person.

    20. Cut the Fluff

    Avoid, at all costs, describing yourself as a “team player” or a “people person,” says Broussard . “Instead, show off your skills with descriptive statements like ‘I’m an expert communicator with experience bringing together diverse departments to develop a cohesive program.’ It’s longer—but it’s also stronger.”

    21. Write in the Company’s “Voice”

    Cover letters are a great way to show that you understand the environment and culture of the company and industry and prove that you’ve got what they are looking for. So, always keep in mind who will be reading your cover letter, and tailor it to what you know will get them excited. Spending five or 10 minutes reading over the company website before you get started can be a great way to get in the right mindset—you’ll get a sense for the company’s tone, language, and culture, which are all things you’ll want to mirror as you’re writing.

    22. Boost Your Confidence Before Writing

    Writing guru Alexandra Franzen offers a simple mind trick that will dramatically change the way you write cover letters: Pretend. “Pretend that the person you’re writing to already loves and respects you. Pretend that the person you’re writing to already believes that you’re worthy and valuable. Pretend that the person you’re writing to doesn’t need a big sales pitch,” she explains. Then, write. Your words will come out so much easier. (Here’s more on how to do it .)

    23. Have Some Fun With It

    News flash: Cover letter writing doesn’t have to be boring. In fact, there are plenty of ways to spice it up! Hoping for a job at a startup? Making your cover letter more creative—whether you use a spunkier tone, play with the format, or make it more visual—will likely improve your chances of getting a call back. Applying for a corporate position? Stick with the traditional format, but make it more conversational, or include a story about how you first came in contact with the company or how much you love it. Much more fun, right? (Here are a few other ways to make cover letter writing suck less .)

    24. Don’t Let Your Fear of Bragging Get in the Way

    If you tend to have a hard time writing about yourself, here’s a quick trick: Imagine you’re someone else writing a letter about yourself. Think from the perspective of a friend, mentor, or previous employer—someone who would only sing your praises—and then write the letter from her point of view. If it helps, you can even write the letter in third person (i.e. “Erin would be a great fit for this position because…”). Just make sure you’re very careful about going back through and changing it to first person when you’re done!

    25. Have Someone Gut Check It

    Have a friend take a look at your cover letter, and ask him or her two questions: Does this sell me as the best person for the job? and Does it get you excited? If the answer to either is “no,” or even slight hesitation, go back for another pass.

    26. Keep it Short and Sweet

    There are always exceptions to the rule, but in general, for resumes and cover letters alike, don’t go over a page. “According to the Orange County Resume Survey, almost 70% of employers either want a half page cover letter (250 words) or ‘the shorter the better,’ approach,” writes Slack .

    27. Don’t Start With Your Name

    Because, well, the hiring manager can see it already on your resume. Get right to the point with what you can bring to the job.

    28. But Do Include the Hiring Manager’s Name

    Use the person’s first and last name, including a “Mr.” or “Ms.” (e.g., Mr. Jack Smith). Never use “To Whom it May Concern” or “Dear or Sir or Madam”—nothing could be more generic (not to mention archaic). For more on addressing it correctly, read these cover letter rules .

    29. Unless You Don’t Know It

    OK, sometimes, even after hours of online searching ( try these tips ), you still might not be able to definitively figure out who exactly the hiring manager for the position you’re applying for is. If you can only find a list of executives and you’re not completely confident who the hiring manager is, use the head of the department for the position you’re applying for. If you really don’t have a name to use, try to still be as specific as possible in your greeting. Consider using “Senior Analyst Hiring Manager” or “Research Manager Search Committee”—something that shows that you’ve written this letter with a particular audience in mind.

    30. Edit

    We shouldn’t have to tell you to run your cover letter through spell-check, but here’s an even better step: Check out how the wording sounds to others using Hemingway . Drop your text onto the page, and the color-coded app will give your writing a once-over. Is a sentence too wordy, overly complex, or totally unreadable? It’ll be highlighted in red until you revise it. Tend to overuse the passive voice? Every instance of it will show up in green. The site will even recommend when you can use shorter or simpler words (Why take up precious resume space with “utilize” when you can say “use?”).

    31. But Care Most About Standing Out

    Perhaps the best piece of cover letter wisdom we can offer you comes from Foss : The most memorable cover letters are written by people who care less about the rules and more about standing out to the hiring manager. “Next time you sit down to write a cover letter, vow to not get uptight about all the tiny little ‘rules’ you’ve picked up along the way,” she writes. “Instead, buck convention. Be memorable. Nail the stuff that will make you a true standout.”


    Candidate Experience: Application Under Review
    Job Search
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    The Muse is your ultimate career destination that offers  exciting job opportunities ,  expert advice , a peek behind the scenes into  fantastic companies , and access to amazing career coaches and  career-boosting courses . Learn more ,  contact us , and find us on Facebook , Twitter , and LinkedIn .

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    strongest cross class


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    Dec 27, 2007 5:39 am

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    i would like to ask what is the strongest cross class? and the most deadliest. please share your wisdom ^_^.

    i thank you in advance.

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    Dec 27, 2007 9:09 pm

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    Well, in this case it depends on what RACE you played on. Here’s several perspective I have in mind about cross classing..

    Basically in ACCRETIA, you do not gain any valuable advantages in cross classing. This is because every important jobs in ACCRETIA comes in single packages. For example, GUNNERS need their own suit which will boost their attack speed. They could just use the Warrior armors which have the best defend but it will GREATLy reduces the attack speed when using launchers.

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      Dec 27, 2007 9:22 pm

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      On the other hand, with CORAs and BELLATOs.. Cross classing come in handy..

      CORAs depends their faith in ANIMUs which often forces them to choose GRAZIER (summoner) instead of any other JObs. But aside of just choosing summoner and raise it from a weak SPIRITUALIST, some experts raise Warriors to turn it to a SUMMONER.

      This allow the character to fight STRONGLY in melee attacks and use an ANIMUs to support it in a combat. For example if you use an ISIS as your animus and you’re a SUMMONER with the history of a Warrior, you would be able to give DOUBLE HIGH damage to your enemies.


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      Dec 27, 2007 9:29 pm

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      Last but not least, the BELLATOs..

      Their MAUs are SO SO SO incredible strong and simply UNDEFEATABLE.. Unfortunately, EXPENSIVE maintenances and upgrades forces Massive Armor Units riders to save their MAUs on important battles only.

      But cross classing would be able to solve this problem. If you raise a Warrior to a DRIVER instead of a SPECIALIST to a DRIVER, you would gain the same advantage as the CORAs. You will have the ability to ride a MAU, and when your MAU is dying or running out of HEALTH, you could just jump out of it and fight your enemy with your own STEEL hands. Nice, eh?

      BUT STILL!!! Cross classing comes in several disadvantages.. By trying to gain both advantages from 2 JOBS at once, you will end up gaining ONLY HALF of THOSE ADVANTAGES.. YOU WOULDN’t GAIN THE SPECIFIC SKILLS of your JOBS! SO THINK TWICE ABOUT IT!!!!


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      Dec 28, 2007 4:58 am

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      thanks for your help my friend.thanks for the information


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      Dec 30, 2007 6:23 pm

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      how about ranger-warrior or warrior-ranger. (in bellato)

      because i don’t know what makes a ranger so good. i think ranger is the weakest of them all.
      (i’m a newbie.)
      so is it good to xclass with warrior? :p


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      Dec 30, 2007 11:33 pm

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      If you’re an aspiring cross-classer for the Union, Bellato, I suggest you try the warrior-force type or the ranger-force type, since Bellato soldiers make good dodge, especially rangers, the elite Holy buffs will come in pretty handy.


      Carizzi here!


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        Jan 2, 2008 8:46 am

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        As what carrizi said.. It is quite benefitable to combine either Warrior-Spiritualist or Ranger-Spiritualist with BELLATO.

        Unfortunately, it works much better with CORAs as they can summon ANIMUs.

        On the other hand, by cross classing from WARRIOR to SPIRITUALIST, it means that you are ABLE to gain ELITE CLOSE RANGE SKILLS and ELITE ELEMENTAL FORCE SKILLS. This will give you a huge advantage. But it depends on how fast you are able to SWITCH your armor and weapons. This is because elemental FORCEs are only available when you use WANDs and SPIRITUALISTs’ armors boost the MAGIC POWER. This means when you are going to use your ABRAKADABRA, you have to go to the toilet and change^^;.

        On this type of cross class, a lot of MoveMacro would be benefitable.^_^


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        Jan 2, 2008 8:50 am

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        On the 1st MoveMacro (you can access this by pressing ‘Y’ at your keyboard) you could just put all your WARRIOR armors and Weapon and drag your macroICON to your hotkeys.

        THen do the same thing with the 2nd MoveMacro; put your SPIRITUALIST’s armors and weapon.

        Easy to say.. But the effectivity differ among players.. SO GOOD LUCK on trying it^^


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        Feb 2, 2008 6:35 pm

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        im a lvl 40 ranger-summoner (cora) what should i do go graz or DP since ive heard DP’s get more HP then graz. And i dont get the point of beeing a graz if u dont get the class skills :p


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        Feb 4, 2008 3:29 am

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        for accretia, the best cross class is ranger>spec or warrior>spec or vice versa because of the grenade launchers

        for cora would be ranger>summoner, because of the rangers high dodge ability and the summoner class’s summon ability and force spells

        for bellato would be spiritualist>mystic or spiritualist>ranger, using the force buffs and the rangers evasion buff ability will make it a good dodger


        “The body is only dedicated to the never ending battle”


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        Feb 4, 2008 8:32 am

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        Ranger-melee not commonly known but it is for dodge purpose and combos>>> PRESSURE+ DESTRUCTIVE= PAIN


        RANGER-SUMMONER or Warrior Summoner>>> well for assistance and pk purposes

        Bellato Cross Class:

        FORCE-RANGER or Force-Warrior
        >>> DODGE PURPOSES and assistance

        Exclass Rider hmm…not a good idea coz u dont have armor mastery and discount T_T..but if farming is ur purpose this will be the best idea lol ^_^


        Be yourself, have faith in yourself, express yourself. dont go out and look for a successful personailty and duplicate it – Bruce Lee

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          Feb 10, 2008 12:03 am

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          Hummmm…. i have tried to cross class ranger to melee, in fact i have a lvl 45 ranger melee character in the new server Xenos (bellato), and guys its not so week at all.

          being a ranger gives me more speed in moving and attacking, range PT also gives me more SP for running and pursuit, also have dodge from EVASION skill,and it alows me to wear the best suit of them all, the HORA RANGER sets of BELLATO.

          on the other hand, melee mode gives me more deffece, and the PURGE skills very usefull,

          all in all being a ranger melee class doesnt sucks at all, aint good at PK but best in suportive battle.

          … melee armor set + EVASION skill + 2handed weapon = good attack best deffence
          … ranger armor set + wind weapon + PURGE skill = best runner and pursuer.


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          Apr 17, 2008 8:16 pm

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          Most important cross class for Bellato is ranger/shield miller.  

          They get access to two critical buffs, a dodge buff, and elite skills on range and melee.  Go miller, shield miller because you get no class skills so miller gets more HP at class change.

          In my opinion, going ranger > astralist is pointless because Bellato at basic holy force get bless which extends all force skills, just get a GM’ed speed and dodge and bless it so you have no need to access those skills.

          With the dodge buffs with the force dodge buff AND dodge boots, your dodge stacks very well, as well as aim gloves to hit your targets.  It is vital in this build to use a spear because of the high critical chance you have meaning higher end damage with a spear.

          In summary: you can dodge often and crit often with VERY high damage.  With some patience and money, this build is actually one of the best Bellato classes in the game.


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          May 17, 2008 3:17 am

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          for me the best class is the mystic of accretia because of their great power especially the Meteor Rain,meteor rain can reach damage up to 20,000 and it is also a multi target skill..
          Class Tree of mystic of accretia:
          Sage  LVL 30                  
          (low Dmg w/ supprt.)     
          Wizard LVL 30
          (high dmg)

          Charger – (healer) Lvl 40

          Warlord – (teleporter,attak and defence buffer)

          Destroyer-(has meteor rain…the strongest skill)
          This post has been modified on May 17 , 2008 03:21:51 AM by   CheaterWeak.


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          May 21, 2008 11:59 pm

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          well my only advice is…be a cora and chose…..ranger summoner….

          they are more on one of the strongest list in rf class….
          they rain other races debuff and kill them with bow and staff + with the help of the summon…..i tried it and it really do good on me..

          1-20 do pt ur range……but also pt ur force..but put in mind u must first have an expert skill on ranger…then after that you could pt ur force…WEAR FORCE ARMOR WHEN U PT UR FORCE…big help..^^

          lvl 35 ur range pt must be 50/45 and ur force must be 45/45….

          but if ur playing in the house u could use pt it hard like full pt it…^^


          oh yeah
          i forgot….

          melee sumoner is good also…
          if and if only if u have good equips….so as the ranger summoner…

          i havent tried melee summoenr…..but they say if u gm ur buffs…on force…u’ll get rich….


          well good luck on choosing the right class…

          but if u want an offensive MORE of an attack type….


          THOSE CLASS ARE PRETTY AWESOME…..u wont die easily
          u can kill easy…ahahhahha


          advice in chosing an offensive type class

          advantage: they are capable of crit , high damage, fast attack, high def and good accuracy…

          disadvantage: i dont know….just take care of ur hp and do well in ur armors…

          advantage: high crit, highdamage, fast attack, long range, good dodge, DAMN good on accuracy…ahahhahaha….no miss in belato….(tried it)

          disadvantage: u’ll die without cure pots when dealing with force type….they’ll kill u with their debuffs…

          advantage: high crit, high damage, long range, good accuracy..

          disadvantage: HIGH DAMAGE CAN and WILL KILL U!!

          hope u could choose wisely… ahahhaha


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          May 23, 2008 12:50 am

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          i want to try cross class. what is the best for me gunner lvl 45. what cross class if good for me. any help you can give? or advised for me[SMILE=s28]


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            May 29, 2008 7:25 am

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            well… good on ur wepons….if possible buy +5…dont do it ur self…u’ll die upgrading it…


            yah also do really good on ur armor…

            it’s really hard for an xclass to have a good armor….because, it cost a lot of money….

            but then again…u need to have a mainchar like "warder,archmagus,sniper"….

            they are the best farmer…^^V


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            May 30, 2008 2:00 am

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            the best cross class that ive seen, sa bells

            dodge rate will be incredibly high, with GM evasion and GM agility
            plus if you have dodge butz (+5 or 6 would b the best)
            120-135 dodge n, wla pang elems yan!
            and if possibly youll get hit you can heal yourself,GM healing (halos d k n mpptay)
            plus the pots,


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            May 30, 2008 10:20 am

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            correct! bells mystic-ranger is one of the strongest xclass which don’t need much balancing. i saw it one time it just dance around 8 acc strikers and all i can see is the word miss >_<


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            Phantasy Star Online 2 [JP] Katana Lv33 gameplay …


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            Unique Ability: Katana Guard

            Allows you to block to reduce all incoming
            damage in a 180 degree arc in front of you at the cost of some PP.  If
            you press the Guard button right before an attack hits, all damage will
            be neutralized, no PP will be consumed, and you will automatically
            counterattack. Unlike the other weapons with a guard ability, Katanas
            have the innate ability to perform a Just Guard, so you do not require a
            Hunter main or sub-class in order to take advantage of it.


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            Phantasy Star Online 2 [JP] Katana Lv33 gameplay demonstration

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            • 5 年 前
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            Phantasy Star Online 2 [JP] Katana Lv33 gameplay demonstration


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            • ExZephyr


              4 年 前

              Is Katana a separate class? Or a weapon for the hunter?


            • PSO2 JP - Katana Photon Arts
              PSO2 JP – Katana Photon Arts
            • PSO2: Gunner/Ranger Boss Runs (SH)
              PSO2: Gunner/Ranger Boss Runs (SH)
            • Phantasy Star Online 2 - Solo Bantha Elena & Bantha Oran Very Hard using Gunner class.
              Phantasy Star Online 2 – Solo Bantha Elena & Bantha Oran Very Hard using Gunner class.
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              Binging with Babish: Breakfast from The Phantom Thread
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              De Van Der Plasjes Draaien door – 2018 – afl. 01 – Reality Soap met Michael en Naomi, van der Plas
            • PSO2 JP - Sword Photon Arts
              PSO2 JP – Sword Photon Arts
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              PSO2 JP – Double Sabre Photon Arts
            • PSO2 - VH Dragon Ex VS 60 Braver [Solo, Katana]
              PSO2 – VH Dragon Ex VS 60 Braver [Solo, Katana]
            • Phantasy Star Universe - Photon Art Exhibition [HD]
              Phantasy Star Universe – Photon Art Exhibition [HD]
            • Blade & Soul Online Low Level 20 Blade Master Gameplay
              Blade & Soul Online Low Level 20 Blade Master Gameplay
            • PSO2 JP - Twin Dagger Photon Arts
              PSO2 JP – Twin Dagger Photon Arts
            • Phantasy Star Online 2 Cinematic Trailer (Jap)
              Phantasy Star Online 2 Cinematic Trailer (Jap)
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              PSO2 JP – Knuckle Photon Arts
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              TOP PS4 SOLO PLAYER ~ 2100+ WINS ~ GOOD CONSOLE BUILDER ~ (Fortnite Battle Royale)
            • Phantasy Star Online 2 First Look "Is It Worth Playing/Trying?" (PSO2 Gameplay/Commentary/60 FPS)
              Phantasy Star Online 2 First Look "Is It Worth Playing/Trying?" (PSO2 Gameplay/Commentary/60 FPS)
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              3 HOURS PURE EPICNESS MIX – EPIC MUSIC 2012/2013
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              Quick run down of pso 2 classes and races
            • Phantasy Star Online 2 Gameplay - Foreign Fridays (Ep. 1)
              Phantasy Star Online 2 Gameplay – Foreign Fridays (Ep. 1)
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              PSO 2 – Mag Evolution Level 30 & 100!
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            • Phantasy Star Online 2 Episode 2 Trailer HD Version
              Phantasy Star Online 2 Episode 2 Trailer HD Version
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            Thoughts on PSO2 news, features and other things


            Tag: Braver

            Balance Thoughts: The Issues With Hunter Part 1: Hunter’s Role.


            With Sega recently announcing that they’re going to re-consider class balance over the next 6 months (you can read about  their announcement at Bumped) , while also deciding that maybe they need a team in charge of balance 2 years after the game was released (oh you guys). The first classes to be hit by this change will be  Ranger mostly, with Techer, Hunter and Fighter getting more minor adjustments (at the bottom of the post under “Other Adjustments”). All classes in definite need of help, while at some point Braver will be having its primary photon art reigned in and Gunner will be having its “double all my damage if I flip” skill nerfed. Shunka Shunran and S-Roll JA Bonus. Shunka Shunran needed to be nerfed a long time ago, but Gunner’s skills aren’t necessarily why the class is so strong. More on that, later.

            So as the title suggests, this post will be looking at Hunters in particular, with the focus on them as a main class as opposed to a sub. I enjoy the Hunter class more than any in the game, however I have played Fighter, Braver and Gunner pretty extensively too. As much as I love the class, I have no illusions about where it stands in the current game. That said, this post is still how I feel, as such your opinions may differ or I could plain be completely wrong about something.

            This is also going to be a considerably long post probably, so I will split it up into multiple parts.

            Hunter’s Role.

            The first thing to consider is, what is a Hunter? Hunter is a slow, heavy class. It’s backed up by a high S-atk pool and has high hit-points and defense to help it survive, given that the class can’t dodge damage as easily as others can. Its weapons are all focused on dealing damage to a large number of enemies at once, as opposed to hitting single enemies. In the days of old, the single-target melee damage was Fighter’s domain. They’re still pretty good at it, actually.

            Hunter has many survival skills at its disposal, with the near game-changing Automate Halfline, the impressive Iron Will, the functional and weirdly named Massive Hunter and Absorption which restores HP when enemies die nearby (only with Guard Stance on). It even has Pretty Good, another weirdly named skill, that reduces status-effect duration on the player by 70%. It also has general damage-reduction skills. Combine the above with skills such as War Cry and you have yourself quite a tank. Not that this game needs a tank…

            What Went Wrong

            I feel a number of things have contributed to Hunter’s current position. This is not to say that Hunter can’t be played well or that it can’t do well in the current end-game, because it certainly can. The key here is that it absolutely not competitive right now, in any area of the game.

            Diminished Attack Role.

            As I said before, Hunter’s role was that of the area-of-effect melee attacker. Its individual hits may not have been high, but it could hit a lot of things at once. Certainly on the game’s release and on the arrival of the new classes this role was well maintained. To an extent, the class still does alright today. It is however completely outclassed in this regard by the likes of Braver’s Kanran.

            Compare Nova Strike to Kanran Kikyou.

            Nova Strike
            Nova Strike
            Kanran Kikyou
            Kanran Kikyou

            Yeah, OK, Hunter does have better area skills than this, what with various Wired Lance photon arts and Slide End, but I feel this just illustrates a funny approach to their weapons design. Here we have a great-sword being completely and utterly out-classed in area of effect functionality by a flimsy little one-handed sword.

            This trend of course seems set to continue with the imminent introduction of Kazan Nadeshiko. A reminder:


            Remember that Kazan Nadeshiko has both longer reach and is faster than Over End. How the two will compare after the upcoming patch however (Over End is getting buffed) we shall see.

            So we have a weapon which, for the most part, completely out-classes all of Hunter’s abilities as a area-of-effect melee attacker. It’s just that it happens that Katana also has massively superior single-target damage to Hunter as well. There’s no sugarcoating, Braver as it is right now makes Hunter completely obsolete.

            B-but, Hunter weapon gears make their weapons good!

            Katana can do all the things Hunter weapons can, but better, without having to warm-up through charging weapon gear. Yes, the area of effect of geared Partisan attacks is enormous, but Kanran Kikyou’s is the same or larger. Swords are nippy and have great coverage when geared up, but Katanas are nippier all the time. Wired lance… just hits a bit harder but its still good! Katana hits harder and does more DPS than all Wired Lance Photon Arts, with the possible exception of Holding Current.

            Hunter weapon gears do close the gap a fair way, but right now it just takes far too long for Swords to gain gear, with the other two weapons still having to take at least a few seconds to warm up. The fact that the weapons are, overall, still inferior to Katana even after warming up is just salt in the wound.

            I realise I only focused on Hunter vs Braver here. It’s because it’s fairer to compare melee area-of-effect attackers against each other as opposed to comparing it with the ranged classes. Fighter was, until recently, solely a single-target damager. It has recently gained some area-of-effect capability that puts it on par with many of Hunter’s attacks, but are a shadow of what Braver can do. As for single-target damage, I actually argue that Fighter isn’t that far behind Braver, if not better in some situations. I diverge, though, this post is about Hunter’s problems, not Fighter’s.

            In Part 2 I will be talking about Fury Stance and the various issues that has.

            Episode 2: Official Update Page and Broadcast Information


            The official update page for the start of Episode 2 has been posted up. It of course comes with a trailer, which I’ll embed as par for the course, however this one is unusually lengthy. You can find a rundown of the update page here on Bumped .

            This post will pretty much be going over some information about particular aspects of Episode 2 that I’ve come across, as well as sharing my thoughts on them. If I find more information I’ll probably go and put it into a new post because I think this one is quite long enough now..

            The background music at the start is the theme of the new Coast field’s boss, Bal Rodos. From around 2:49 on-wards I believe it’s the Coast field’s theme.

            It seems Bal Rodos is Lv55 in the trailer, which puts it on the same level as Sanctum. So I guess that’s how they’re going to be keeping Advanced Quests relevant for longer, which makes me wonder if Lilipa3 will share the same fate. Seabed shouldn’t, as it’ll be released after Super Hard is out.

            You can watch the live broadcast in its entirety through the following links:


            The class is defined by the two new weapon types, both of which seem to at least look decent. The Katana has good mobility and area-of-effect capability, which will be good for all of melee’s demands. Katanas are at least more mobile than Swords for example, but the damage numbers that they put out seem.. small. In fact their stats and even Photon Art modifiers seem relatively low, however they could well make up for this in damage per second given how rapidly they can attack. Bows on the other hand seem to lay somewhere between Launchers and Rifles with a bit of Twin-Daggers thrown in for good measure. Certainly versatile but I have yet to be convinced of their overall effectiveness.


            Tsukimi-sazanka, Gekka-zakuro, Kanran-kikyo, Sakura-endo, Hien-tsubaki, Asagiri-rendan, Master Shot, Penetrating Arrow. Thanks to Qwerty for these names.

            Braver seems to be a class oriented around the Ability (or Dexterity) stat primarily. It has an Ability Up skill, which is notable for being at lv3 in the livestream as that indicates it’s a pre-requisite for something. Both Katanas and Bullet Bows also require dexterity to equip, or at least all of the weapons shown so far do. However there may be no need to go raising a pure Dexterity Mag just for this class, as the requirements are quite low anyway. One revealed Braver skill, namely “Braver Mag”, converts up to 50% of the S-atk and R-atk into Dexterity. Whether or not this will add to your base and count for equipping things I don’t know (data suggests it’s a passive skill).

            Ability Up 1, Braver Mag, Step, Step Advance, Snatch Step, Step Attack, Just Reversal, Average Stance, Katana Combat, Katana Gear, Rapid Shoot, Reversal Cover, Rapid Shoot Up
            The Braver Skill Tree. Skills are: Ability Up, Sriking Up, Shooting Up, Average Stance, Average Stance Up, Average Stance Critical, Average Stance Charge
            Katana Combat, Combat Just Attack Bonus, Combat Finish, Katana Gear, Rapid Shoot, Rapid Shoot Up, Rapid Shoot Mastery
            Weak Stance, Weak Stance Up, Ability Up 2, Weak Stance Critical, Weak Stance Charge
            Step, Step Advance, Snatch Step, Step Attack, Just Reversal, Reversal Cover, Rare Mastery Braver, Braver Mag. Source: Dengeki Play.

            Of interest to me are the utility skills surrounding step, as for melee it’s absolutely crucial to mobility. Snatch Step is a skill that will deal damage during a Step. It is seperate from Step Attack as that skill allows you do perform an attack at the end of a Step. You can perform step with both Katanas and Bullet Bows at that, so you’re not losing out if you choose to go ranged.

            While you can guard with Katanas, Braver doesn’t have any guard skills at all. The broadcast demonstrates that Just Guarding is possible with Katanas, but possibly only through their gear. If this is the case, I wonder if there’s any point investing in Just Guard should someone decide to have Hunter as their subclass? Or if the regular Just Guard would apply to the Katana without gear applies or even if it would affect the weapon at all.

            Coast Enemies

            The trailer revealed a number of enemy names, as did the coast field playthrough that was done during the live broadcast. I’ll list them here with names and pictures where I can.



            A small shelled enemy, weak to both fire and ice element interestingly. Better picture of them from the official site below. At a distance they appear to be similar to Micdas , possibly sharing the same bone structure. The one on the right below makes be doubt that a little..




            Seems to share its skeleton with Naberius’ Galphs . Of course, their attack behaviors don’t resemble them much, with them swimming through the sand with their fins poking out. Land sharks. They also appear to do a somersault attack.



            It’s a flower! It pretends to be a regular giant spikey flower and then jumps out at the player after spraying something about. It also fires laserbeams because why not. Smaller versions of this enemy exist as well, namely Blumetta. They appear to share the same bone structure as Sanctum’s Pendira’n .


            A picture of both of these enemies is up on the official page, re-hosting below.




            One of the new bird-type Darkers. The second one named I believe, after Luda Sorcerer. A higher quality picture of Blundarl is posted below.



            Strahda Forgive me for the quality of these pictures, but it’s from a compressed video and there don’t seem to be any clear shots of these enemies sadly. Anyway, this is the somewhat legendary BIRDBIRDCROW in the flesh as it were. Their weak point looks like an exposed brain… It’s the standard orange colored weakpoint that most Darkers have it’s just how it looks given its position.

            Another variant of this small bird is Tyraluda


            Unfortunately there are no official pictures that I’m aware of for either of these.

            So it seems that the Coast field’s elements are Fire and Ice for the natives and Wind and Light for the Darkers.

            Now that we have a planet full of fish, after having been fighting fish-based Darkers for a while now, I wonder if a planet populated by insects is on its way in 2014? After all, PSO2 still doesn’t have a Grass Assassin!

            Subclass EXP

            Old news now, but confirmed at least once and well, it being on the official update page means Sega aren’t going to be changing their minds about it. It’s sad, but subclass EXP will be capped to level 40. Before that, your subclass will gain 10% of the EXP that your main does. Yeah it’s not particularly popular this decision, but it’s still decent at least initially for a subclass. However I imagine like others, I was hoping this would mean the end of having to switch to a class you don’t like playing in order to support a class you do, but alas.

            Class Appropriate Rare Drops.. From Bosses

            Nothing like hearing the rare drop jingle only to get an item you can’t even use, eh? Well from Episode 2 this problem will be slightly alleviated! By how much of course isn’t really all that specific and I have a feeling that, as a player, you honestly won’t be able to tell that the drop rates had been increased at all. 1/1000 is barely better than 1/2000 for example and I highly doubt they’d give that generous a boost anyway. The idea is at least good, I just have no faith that the difference will be at all noticeable.

            Also, despite the update page itself not mentioning bosses according to an article on Shougai which contains a transcript from Sakai and someone else, it only applies to boss enemies. This is kind of a shame as a number of decent items do still drop from regular enemies, but it’s a least a step in the right direction.

            EXP Penalty Readjustment

            The EXP penalty, which I’m still not a fan of even now, is being relaxed somewhat. Instead of altering the rates however instead they’ll be increasing the number of levels before it applies from 5 to 11. They’re um, turning up to 11 as it were…

            This means that you’ll be able to run Advanced Quests a little earlier, however you’ll still have your EXP reduced to 75% at least initially (unlocks at 45, enemies start at 56). However, being able to start running Advanced Quests at lv46 is a significant improvement over having to wait until Lv52. It also means you can skip ahead areas more quickly at the lower levels, which doesn’t really affect Normal mode at all for new players in any case.

            On arrival to Hard mode, you’ll be only 1 level out of reach for Forest Exploration.

            On arrival to Very Hard mode, you’ll be able to run all the Free Field quests except for Sanctum Exploration and presumably Coast.

            Client Order Adjustments

            Reducing the cool-down time for daily repeatable Client Orders (not to be confused with Daily Orders… I know) from 24 to 22 is a big deal. Why, you might ponder, it’s not much of a change. It means they truly become daily orders. The current cool-down of 24 hours is problematic because it introduces what I call “crawl”, whereby the time you can re-do the Client Order crawls around the clock and becomes later with each day.

            Say you start the Order at 12:00pm, it takes you half an hour to complete and you turn it in at 12:30pm. The next day you can’t start it any earlier than 12:30pm, so the next day you won’t be able to start it until 1:00pm. Then 1:30pm, etc. A 22 hour cool-down gives you a much better chance of being able to take on these Client Orders at a time you’d prefer to take them. It’s good to see the change, but annoying that it took them a year to do something about it.

            Episode 2: Dewmans and Bullet Bows.

            dewmans The 9th NicoNico broadcast took place today. They promised information on upcoming content and in particular with Episode 2 information and they’re delivering. In fact they’re still releasing information currently so this post is likely to change before the day’s out.


            I’ll embed what videos I find here, though I’ll may talk about them in more detail in a separate post.

            Episode 2 Content Trailer

            Dewman Character Creation

            Also contains footage of the new weapon types.

            Planet Vopar Footage


            We’ve known these guys were coming since the closed beta tests and finally we see them. So what is their race’s defining feature? Eye-patches? Ear-shape? That’s right, you guessed it! Horns.

            Uhuhuhuh, they’re horny

            Eyes with alternating colours as well it seems, otherwise they’re still albinos by default. The character creation screen there shows that they can customize their horns, though not sure if all male Dewmans have one horn and all female Dewmans have two or if that can be chosen. It also shows that Dewmans get a bit of a bigger choice of skin colour than they did before in PSP2:Infinity (which was white and REALLY white). In PSO2 Dewmans can be pale white, brown, red or blue in various shades. Regarding eyes, I’m guessing that given there are two windows open with eyes that player can customize them individually. Rumour has it that players will be receiving a free character slot when Dewmans are released. I’ve not yet confirmed this, however.

            Braver Weapons Braver was identified in the client fairly recently, with it being internally known as “swordarcher”. Katanas and Compound Bows were revealed, oh sorry, “Bullet Bows”. I guess Compount Bow might be pushing it in terms of name length, but Bullet Bow just sounds off to me. It seems Bullet Bows will have some kind of a charged action, perhaps similar to how some Sword and Partisan Photon Arts do. Fitting given how a bow is used, really. This does confirm that Katana and “saya” are part of the same weapon as well. The feeling was strong that this would be the case but the way the data was it implied they were separate weapons. How the pair function in combat is a bit of an unknown just now.

            As Braver is available on the character creation screen it seems safe to assume that there will be no requirements to unlock the class.

            Coast Coast The next field set to be added to the game and the first field that Episode 2 will add is the Coast field. That sure is a coast. The fountain landmark seems interesting, not something I expected to see. I can’t tell at that resolution whether it’s something technical or not just now. The Coast field is also confirmed to be set on the planet Vopar. new_enemies With a new field comes new enemies! Most of which were known about but certain details weren’t. It has a boss, the expected “MarineOarFish” which now has the official name of “Bal Rodos / Val Rodos” ( Ricardo at Bumped / Mewn) and a miniboss which we thought was going to be “BirdCentaur” but it is in fact something I don’t think we’ve encountered in the data yet, named “Orgublan”. The field also seems to be populated by angry flowers (the big ones being called “Blumegalla”), but not the PSO-like Lilys that were expected. These enemies are all part of a new enemy category internally known as “Chimera”. I can’t tell if that name is mentioned on that image there. “BirdCentaur” might not be a miniboss, but it is still quite significant. It’s pictured in the top-right there, above the actual miniboss. Looks sort of Egyptian themed. It is in fact one of the 3rd type of Darkers, which is significant as it means that all the BirdSoldiers and the infamous BirdBirdCrow are also Darkers. Bird Darkers was a possibility that was considered, but upon looking at their models they didn’t seem very darker-like to us. Didn’t help that they were texture-less as well. I’m aware that the bosses there have their names in Katakana but I’m not confident in my localization skills. I’ll add the names more experienced people grant them later.

            Support Partners: The Return of the Partner Machine

            A newly announced feature is a small girl you can keep in your room…. aaaaagh

            A pet little girl you can raise, clearly inspired by the roguelike Elona.

            I’m not being serious with that caption. They appear to be reminiscent of Partner Machines  from Phantasy Star Universe. They were a bit like Mags, in that you raised them by feeding them items and what they’d evolve into depended on how you raised them. I don’t know yet if that’s how you raise Support Partners or not.  Unlike Partner Machines, a Support Partner’s appearance is completely customizable, it’s pretty much making a 2nd tiny character.

            The 4th item on that menu is “Customize Weapon”, so you can potentially set their gear up too I guess. Wonder if it’s physically giving them a weapon or something? (Thanks to Mewn for that).

            Like Partner Machines of Phantasy Star Universe your pet… little person.. can follow you into the field. The Japanese text at the bottom indicates that Support Partners are active when you’re logged out, but it’s not clear really what’s meant by that.

            It just seems… weird to me. I mean, you’re raising a tiny character. I mean before you had at least a little comfort in it being a little robot but, here it’s a little person. It can be a robot if you make it a Cast, but otherwise it really is effectively a pet person. There’s something unsettling about that.

            Support Partners can only be raised in a room, but it seems you won’t need Premium Set to have the room to raise one in. All characters will be given mini-rooms, which presumably becomes your default room when your Premium runs out.

            Long Term Schedule schedule Episode 2’s release date is confirmed as happening some time in July, arriving with other things. I’ll list what I can with their respective month below:

            Nothing at all for August it seems. Anyway, there are two more fields coming up, which are presumably the as-yet un-named “Lilipa3” and the unannounced “Seabed”.

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