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Essay Science and Technology

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Essay on Science and Technology

Essay on Science and Technology

Team – GuideToExam
September 30, 2017

Essay on science and technology: – Today science and technology have developed a lot. We even cannot think of to live for a single day without science and technology. Very often you may get to write an essay on science and technology or an article on science and technology in different board examinations. Here are a few essays on science and technology along with a speech on science and technology. These essays can also be used to prepare a paragraph on science and technology.

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science and technology essay

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50 words Essay on Science and Technology / Very short essay on Science and Technology

Advancement of science and technology has made us more advanced in comparison to ancient time. It has completely changed our way of living and work as well. In today’s world, a country’s development completely depends on science and technology. It has made our lives comfortable and burden free. In modern days we cannot live without science and technology.

100 words Essay on Science and Technology

We are now in the age of Science and Technology. In present days it is very necessary for us to step forward with the rapid development of science and technology. The whole world has completely been changed with the different inventions of science. In ancient time people considered the moon or the sky as God. But now people can travel to the moon or to space. This becomes possible only because of development of science and technology. Again science has made our lives comfortable with the invention of different machines. Lots of changes can be seen in different sectors like sports, economy, medical, agriculture, education etc. as a result of the advancement of science and technology.

150 words Essay on Science and Technology

It is called that the modern age is an age of science and technology. Many scientific inventions have been taken place in the present age. It has made our lives easy and comfortable. Science and technology play a vital role in every walk of our life.

            In the present age, we cannot live without science and technology. The importance of science and technology in our daily life is immense. We find the wonders of science wherever we look. Electricity, computer, bus, train, telephone, mobile, computer – all are the gifts of science. Development of medical science has lengthened our lives. On the other hand, the internet has made a remarkable change in the field of communication and information and technology as well. Television has brought the whole world to our bedroom.

            Advancement in science and technology has made our lives pleasant, but it has also made life complex to a certain extent. But we cannot deny the benefits of science and technology in our daily lives.

N.B. – It is not possible to write all points on science and technology in a 50 or 100 words essay on science and technology. The points that are missing in this essay are portrayed in the next essays.

200 words Essay on Science and Technology

Science and Technology have benefitted human life in various ways. Within the last four to five decades, Science and Technology have changed the face of the world. We can feel the blessings of Science and Technology in every walk of our life. With the development of Science and Technology, man has got mastery over many things and human life has become more comfortable than and technology essay

            In the field of transport and communication, Science and Technology have gifted us the bus, train, car, airplane, mobile phone, telephone etc. Again medical science has made us powerful enough to fight against any kind of disease. Due to the advancement of Science and Technology today human can travel up to space. Today the world has become a small village. It has become possible only because of the remarkable development in the field of transport and communication.

            We cannot deny the gifts of science, but we also cannot forget that the deadly war weapons are also the inventions of science. But for that, we cannot blame science. Science can don’t harm us if we use science and technology in the proper way for the development of human civilization.

250 words Essay on Science and Technology

In today’s world, Science and technology have become an integral part of human life. Science has made our lives easier and technology has made our works simple and faster as well. We can see the magic of science and technology wherever we see. Without science, we cannot even think to run our daily routine. We get up early in the morning with the ring of an alarm clock; which is a gift of science. Then for the whole day, we take help from different gifts of science in our work. Medical science has reduced our sorrows and sufferings and lengthened our lives. Development in transport and communication has made the human being more advanced. science and technology essayIn a developing country like India advancement of Science and Technology is very necessary for the rapid development of the nation. The Countries like USA, China, and Russia are called superpowers because they are more advanced in Science and Technology than other countries. Now the government of India is also taking different steps for development of Science and technology in the country. Former Indian President Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam believed that science and technology is a beautiful gift to humanity and country cannot be developed properly if the scientific base of the country isn’t strong enough.

 It can be concluded that Science and technology have become a part and parcel of human life. But sometimes people misuse the science and its inventions and that harms the society. Science and technology can be a friend for us if we use it for the benefits of the society or development of people.

300 words Essay on Science and Technology/Paragraph on Science and technology

It is said that 21st century is the century of science and technology. Today we do almost all our works with the help of science and technology. In modern times the proper growth of a country cannot be imagined without science and technology. We all know the value of science and technology in our everyday life. Different inventions of Science have made our daily lives simple and stress-free as well. On the other hand, technology has taught us the modern way of and technology essay

On the other hand, the economic growth of a country also depends on the growth of science and technology. As per recent data our country India has the 3rd largest scientific manpower in the world. India is developing gradually in the field of science and technology. Indian Space Research Organization has its own Satellite Launching Vehicle among the all other countries in the world. After independence, India has launched a number of satellites in the space of its own effort. On November 5, 2013, India has again proved its power in the field of science and technology by launching Mangalyaan to Mars. Former Indian President APJ Abdul Kalam worked himself in DRDO (Defense research and development organization) and ISRO and tried to develop India in the field of science and technology.


With the advancement of science and technology, some deadly weapons have been developed and modern wars of different nations have become more devastating and destructive. Nuclear Energy has become a real threat to this world in modern time. Keeping this in mind great scientist Einstein remarked that the fourth world war would be battled with stones or evacuated trees. Actually, he scared that inventions of deadly war weapons might end up human civilization someday. But if we use science and technology for the wellness of human being, it will develop us in the most rapid way.

1 minute speech on Science and Technology

Good morning to all. I am standing before you to deliver a short speech on Science and technology. We all know that today we cannot live a single minute without science and technology. The importance of science and technology in our daily life is immense. Science has gifted us different useful machines or gadgets that have made our lives simple and comfortable. It has developed us a lot in different fields like agriculture, sports, and astronomy, medical etc. The revolutionary invention of the wheel in the Bronze Age has changed the lifestyle of the human. Today we have achieved a lot in the field of transport and communication due to the advancement of science and technology. In fact, it can be concluded that we cannot imagine ourselves in this modern world without science and technology.

Thank You!

Final Words- We have prepared a number of essay on Science and Technology along with a speech on science and technology for you as well. We have tried to cover as much as possible points in our each essay on science and technology.

Artificial Intelligence becomes one of the most important parts of our daily life. Our life will be drastically changed by AI because this technology is to be used in a wide area of day to day services.

These technologies reduce human effort. Now in many industries, people are using this technology to develop machine slaves to perform the different activity. Using the machine for the work speed up your process of doing work and give you an accurate result. Here’s an article which will walk you through  Artificial Intelligence, Benefits To Society

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Team GuideToExam will come up with your points.



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Comments (3)

  1. aarti May 26, 2018

    please provide a essay on Union Indian budget


    • Team – GuideToExam May 26, 2018

      Sure,It will also be published soon.. Stay tuned.


  2. Baisakhi Maity August 23, 2018

    It’s nice but most common things r there….
    But good- easy words n understanding


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IELTS essay:The development of science and technology benefit our life. However, scientists cannot find effective solutions to the problems they created. To what degree do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

Essay topics: IELTS essay:The development of science and technology benefit our life. However, scientists cannot find effective solutions to the problems they created. To what degree do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

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The development of science and technology makes our life more comfortable and convenient. However, scientists have created many problems, which are not easy to be resolved, such as air pollution, the deterioration of environment and the scarcity of natural resources, to which we must some solutions.

Modern science and technology render people many advantages. Modern telecommunication shortens the distance between people and makes communication much easier. Internet is widely used now not only for collection of abundant information but also for correspondence. Email, the most effective communication device now, is becoming very popular. Besides, telephone and mobile phone make contact more convenient than before.

Modern transportation, such as airplanes and high-speed trains make our journey smooth and fast. With the help of modern transportation, people can go everywhere they prefer to. The journey to outer space and other planets is not a dream any more. Rockets and space shuttles can help us realize the dream of space travel.

Modern medicine prolongs people’s life and relieves patients of sufferings from many diseases. Cancer and AIDS are fatal to people’s health. Thanks to the endeavors scientists have made, these diseases become treatable.

However, the process of scientific development also arouses many sever problems to our human beings. Internet, though widely used in modern communication, is easy to be destroyed by computer virus. Outer space exploration has produced much waste in the space. A tiny metal, a screw, for example can destroy a flying man-made satellite. Industrialization is making natural resources become scarce.

Confronted with these problems, scientists are seeking prompt and feasible solutions. The development of science and technology bring about both positive and negative effects to us. We must eliminate the positive effects to the least extent. (286 words totally)

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IEET > Vision > Contributors > Lee-Roy Chetty > Technoprogressivism

The Role of Science and Technology in the Developing World in the 21st Century

Lee-Roy Chetty  

Oct 3, 2012  

Ethical Technology  

Developments in science and technology are fundamentally altering the way people live, connect, communicate and transact, with profound effects on economic development. To promote tech advance, developing countries should invest in quality education for youth, and continuous skills training for workers and managers.

Science and technology are key drivers to development, because technological and scientific revolutions underpin economic advances, improvements in health systems, education and infrastructure.

The technological revolutions of the 21st century are emerging from entirely new sectors, based on micro-processors, tele-communications, bio-technology and nano-technology. Products are transforming business practices across the economy, as well as the lives of all who have access to their effects. The most remarkable breakthroughs will come from the interaction of insights and applications arising when these technologies converge.

Through breakthroughs in health services and education, these technologies have the power to better the lives of poor people in developing countries. Eradicating malaria, a scourge of the African continent for centuries, is now possible. Cures for other diseases which are endemic in developing countries are also now possible, allowing people with debilitating conditions to live healthy and productive lives.

Access and application are critical. Service and technology are the differentiators between countries that are able to tackle poverty effectively by growing and developing their economies, and those that are not. The extent to which developing economies emerge as economic powerhouses depends on their ability to grasp and apply insights from science and technology and use them creatively. Innovation is the primary driver of technological growth and drives higher living standards.

As an engine of growth, the potential of technology is endless, and still largely untapped in Africa and other developing world regions across the globe. Less developed countries not only lack skilled labour and capital, but also use these less efficiently. Inputs account for less than half of the differences in per capita income across nations. The rest is due to the inability to adopt and adapt technologies to raise productivity.

Computing for example, through unlocking infrastructure backlogs and managing integrated supply chains, can transform economic performance by enabling affordable and accessible services in education and healthcare. The combination of computers and the Internet, and mobile devices and the “cloud”, has transformed human experience, empowering individuals through access to knowledge and markets, changing the relationship between citizens and those in authority, as well as allowing new communities to emerge in virtual worlds that span the globe.

According to the United Nations International Telecommunications Union (UN-ITU), by the end of 2010 there were an estimated 5.3 billion mobile cellular subscriptions worldwide, including 940 million subscriptions to 3g services. About 90 percent of the world’s population can access mobile networks, with three-quarters of mobile subscribers living in developing economies. Cellular technology has allowed Africa to leapfrog the age of fixed line telephony, bringing affordable access to millions of people.

However, the continued and equitable expansion of Information Communication Technology (ICT) depends on electricity. The real divide over the next 20 years will be between those who have access to reliable electricity to power these devices and those who do not.

Other technologies under development are interventions for cognitive enhancement, proton cancer therapy and genetic engineering. Revolutionary inventions include small underground nuclear power units called nuclear batteries that will be ultra-safe and maintenance-free; new types of photo-voltaics that will make electricity from sunlight cheaper than that from coal; and myriad nano-technologies, some of which lower the cost and increase the reliability of many products – even in the poorest areas of the developing world.

Managing technological revolutions poses challenges. Certain innovations and discoveries will raise fraught bio-ethical issues, as genetic modification of food crops and cloning of human embryos has already done. There is a risk that their cost, particularly in the early stages of development, will worsen the present inequality by limiting access to wealthy individuals. This already happens in health care in certain G7 countries, where the demand for very high-cost diagnostic equipment and surgical interventions enabling longevity and better quality of life for older wealthy people overstretches public health care budgets, and lowers service quality in poor neighborhoods. Finally, resource-intensive technologies, focused on satisfying high consumption demand, like holidays abroad in costal resorts, wilderness areas, or iconic cities, increase carbon emissions and environmental damage.

To promote technological advances, developing countries should invest in quality education for youth, continuous skills training for workers and managers, and should ensure that knowledge is shared as widely as possible across society.

In a world in which the Internet makes information ubiquitous, what counts is the ability to use knowledge intelligently. Knowledge is the systemically integrated information that allows a citizen, a worker, a manager, or a finance minister to act purposefully and intelligently in a complex and demanding world. The only form of investment that allows for increasing returns is in building the stocks and flows of knowledge that a country or organization needs, an in encouraging new insights and techniques.

Adopting appropriate technologies leads directly to higher productivity, which is the key to growth. In societies that have large stock and flows of knowledge, virtuous circles that encourage widespread creativity and technological innovation emerge naturally, and allow sustained growth over long periods. In societies with limited stocks of knowledge, bright and creative people feel stifled and emigrate as soon as they can, creating a vicious circle that traps those who remain in a more impoverished space. Such societies stay mired in poverty and dependency.
The investment climate is crucial, as are the right incentive structures, to guide the allocation of resources, and to encourage research and development.

Successful countries have grown their ability to innovate and learn by doing, by investing public funding to help finance research and development in critical areas. Everyone is involved – big and small, public and private, rich and poor.

The benefits that are certain to flow from technological revolution in an increasingly connected world and knowledge-intensive world will be seized by those countries and companies that are alive to the rapidly changing environment, and nimble enough to take advantage of the opportunities. Those that succeed will make substantial advances in reducing poverty and inequality.

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Lee-Roy Chetty
Lee-Roy Chetty holds a masters degree in media studies from the University of Cape Town and the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. A two-time recipient of the National Research Fund Scholarship, he is currently completing his PhD at UCT and an economics degree with Unisa.



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Contributions Made by the Romans to Western Civilization Essay


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Contributions Made by the Romans to Western Civilization Essay

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The ancient Romans had many contributions that were important to the western civilization. Some of their contributions include the aqueducts, public baths, markets, and juries. The Romans were also the greatest builders of the ancient western world. They created a legacy that proved to be as dominant as it was long lasting and many roman principles are embodied in their modern instructions. The Romans made varies of contributions to the Western Civilization, but a few are the most important of all. Rome was the most important civilization to the Western World. It had left a great legacy behind by paving the road for the spread of Christianity, forming the basis for the republic, and allowing for a widespread diffusion of culture. In

…show more content…

(Chisp, 2007, pg 8) From the earliest years of the Republic, the Romans fought to defend themselves against their neighbors and to extend their territory. The Romans were tough fighters, but they were also politically astute, making military alliances with other cities in order to bring them under Roman control. (Chisp, 2007 pg. 14) Several years ago, the Romans claimed that their city had been founded in 753 B.C.E by Romulus, son of Mars, the god of war. After ruling for 40 years as Rome’s first king, Romulus was believed to have been carried away into the sky, where he became a god. Romans were proud of their city that they were sure that the gods must have had a hand in its birth. (Chrisp, 2007 pg. 10) The Romans were proud of the works they had done especially their architecture. The Romans built some incredible buildings. According to the Encyclopedia, The origins of Roman architecture can be traced to the Etruscans, who migrated from Asia Minor to Italy in the 12th cent. B.C. What little is known about their architecture has been ascertained from clay models and tomb interiors. Etruscan architecture is thought to have derived from prototypes found in the nearby Greek colonies in southern Italy established during the 8th and 7th cent. B.C. The Etruscans are thought to have used arches and vaults in their later architecture. (Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 2009, 6Th edition, p1-2, 2p) The sequence of buildings in Rome

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Essay on Evolution of Technology in Western Civilization

There is no doubt that Western civilization has caused a unique industrial revolution in life of the world, which has become a science and technology revolution. Transformation of nature on the planet has entered a new stage, which is characterized by avalanche unpredictable progress.

Since the beginning of mankind, there is a constant scientific and technological progress due to the development of the human mind. If we consider the development of man from the beginning, we will notice a trend. Initially, human was engaged in gathering, ie, he gathered berries. Humans used and gathered what was grown by nature, not by him. Then people discovered that they could grow any grains and legumes to provide themselves with food. He began creating special tools to cultivate the land. Later, people began to create a variety of tools for farming, hunting, etc. (Zsinka, 2014).

With the development of crafts, people have got more opportunities for existence, they could provide themselves with everything they needed: food, dishes, clothes, etc. The same trend can be observed during the development of industry. With the development of industry, people have improved their achievements. They create better goods that meet the needs of humanity. People constantly improve themselves and everything around to simplify the life.

In the 20th century, science and technology began to play the role of the main engines of economic and social development. Scientific-technical revolution became a support vector of historical dynamics. For those who enjoyed it to the maximum extent, it gave strength, which at the end of the 20th century was the measure of success of the country and the people. Economic and military power of the state, complemented by a high standard of living, which are based on NTP, actually puts it ahead in the forefront, provides advantages in the global arena (Perl, 2011).

Western civilization is a special type of civilization (culture), which historically emerged in Western Europe and in the last century endured a specific process of social modernization (Bowden, 2011). Western civilization is associated with the progressive development and constant changes in a person’s life. It appeared in ancient Greece and ancient Rome. The first stage of its development, called “ancient civilization”, was marked by the emergence of the core values of the Western type of society: private ownership, private industry, market-oriented; the first sample of democracy – democracy, however, was limited; republican form of government. It created the foundations of civil society to ensure the rights and freedom of the individual, as well as a system of social and cultural principles that contribute to the mobilization of creativity and development of the individual.

The next stage in the development of Western civilization is connected with Europe and Christianity. The Reformation gave rise to a new trend in Christianity – Protestantism, which became the spiritual foundation of Western civilization. The main value of this civilization is the individual freedom of choice in all spheres of life. It was directly connected with the development of specific European type of personality that emerged during the Renaissance. “The individual becomes tragically responsible not only for approximation and removal from the Supreme, but also for the choice of what he, that individual, considers the Supreme…” (Fitzgerald, 2002).

According to Weber, rationality became the most important independent value of the West. Public consciousness is rational, free of religious dogma in solving practical problems, pragmatical, but the scope of application of Christian values is a social morality of not only his personal life, but also of business ethics (Zafirovski, 2011).

In the era of geographical discoveries and colonial wars, Europe extended its type of development in other regions of the world. For the first time, mankind, due to the global spread of Western values and institutions (16-19 centuries), was really integrated into the framework of the world-embracing system of connections. By the end of the 19th-early 20th century, these values and institutions became dominant in the world and continued to define the main features of the face of the Earth in this century until very recently.

The main content of civilization process in the 20th century was the tendency to the formation of the historical structures of the universal world civilization. Processes taking place in the 20th century in the West became global, directly affecting all nations, all other civilizations, who were forced to seek an answer to the historical challenge of the West. That challenge was perceived in a particular form of reality as an imperative of modernization. In this situation, the question of the relationship between modernization and westernization became central to the vast majority of humanity of non-Western world (Lin, 2010).

In the second half of the 20th century, the world was developing under the influence of scientific and technological revolution (STR), which is usually understood as a qualitative transformation of modern productive forces on the basis of science and technology. STR began in the 30s of the 20th century and received a powerful acceleration during the Second World War and the Cold War.

There were found new sources of energy – nuclear, solar-powered, wind power plants. People started using new artificial materials – nylon, plastic, etc. Automation has changed the nature of work and the place of man in the production process. The emergence of cybernetics has created logistical base for the scientific management of social processes. Industries such as electronics, petrochemicals, nuclear energy, the overall mechanization and automation of production came to the fore. People started exploring space and underwater world. STR has led to the release of new types of products, introduction of new technologies and new tools. Dissemination of scientific and technological revolution was not confined to industry, transport, communications, and energy. STR rapidly invaded other areas of life, such as trade, monetary system, education, management (Milke, 2012).

Today technology intrudes into all areas of society: from economics to sports and leisure, it affects interpersonal relationships, changes the structure and hierarchy of values, and determines characteristics of the modern individual.

With the help of technology people create a new world, both real and virtual, make technical objects (car, computer) the main objects of attention, replacing natural communication with their people. Technology has multiplied power and possibilities of man. At the same time, it has brought a host of new problems, spawned sharp contradictions, has become one of the causes of the crisis of civilization (Hunt, 2008). Public opposition to the construction of nuclear power plants, chemical, pulp and paper mills can be considered a reaction to the scientific and technological progress. Sometimes they are expressed in a very extravagant form. For example, American farmers Mennonites abandoned agricultural machinery and plow with the help of horses (Zsinka, 2014).

Technical progress can not be stopped. Ultimately, it defines the socio-economic development of society and the standard of living. Development of civilization depends on how rapidly scientific and technological progress develops. Enhancing the role of science and technology in modern society actualizes the moral responsibility of the scientist for the consequences of his discoveries. It is known that many nuclear scientists involved in the development of atomic weapons, warned the world about the catastrophic consequences of its application.

In our time, humanity has great losses, both human and material, as a result of technical failures and accidents. Though, not only technique is to be blamed. People controlling it usually make mistakes, which lead to tragedies. The root cause of the negative impact of technology on the human need should be looked for not so much in it, as in man, in social relations, in the ways of solving economic and other issues, ways to meet social and individual needs.

Mankind has invented drugs and alcohol, which are widely used in medicine and industry; but they also created the conditions for such phenomena as drug addiction and alcoholism, providing mass human losses comparable with wars (Huff, 2014).

Transformation of science into a direct productive force of society does not mean that science is transformed into its fourth element. This only shows that science most significantly and positively affects every element of the productive forces of society, thereby converting and amplifying them. Results of research eventually lead to the improvement and the emergence of innovative instruments and objects of labor, raise the level of knowledge and skills of the workforce, which in turn provides the basis for the transformation and growth of the productive forces of society, and ultimately – for economic development.

As to such a feature of modern scientific and technological revolution, as the priority development of science in comparison with the equipment and technology, it is of fundamental importance in the present conditions. Countries and large economic entities gain the possibility to predict and plan the creation of such equipment and technology, which will ensure the implementation of strategic plans in the field of economic development and solving social problems.

Acceleration of STP has great economic and social importance for any country in the world. Perhaps there is no more powerful and strong factor, which has such a significant effect on all economic and social processes.

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Andromeda class cruisers , Federation starship classes , Cruiser classes , Exploratory cruiser classes

Andromeda class (25th century)


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USS Andromeda USS Andromeda, the lead ship of the class.


Federation ; Starfleet


exploration cruiser

Service period

25th century





warp speed ; quantum slipstream ; transwarp


phaser arrays ; torpedo launchers ; molecular cohesion nullifier field


deflector shield

Schematic of the Andromeda-class.
For other uses, see Andromeda .

The Andromeda-class was a type of exploration cruiser fielded by the Federation Starfleet beginning in 2410 . It was an advanced variant of the venerable Galaxy-class of the mid- 24th century . ( STO video game : Delta Rising )

History Edit

With the Andromeda-class the Starfleet Corps of Engineers meant to duplicate the success of the earlier Pathfinder-class update to the Intrepid-class hull plan. Designed and built at Utopia Planitia Fleet Yards , the Andromeda-class featured improved capabilities over even retrofitted Galaxy-class vessels.

The systems updates developed for the Andromeda-class were later reused in the Yamato-class dreadnought cruiser , a variant of the Galaxy X-class . ( STO video game : Delta Rising )

Technical data Edit

Molecular Cohesion Nullifier Field

The molecular cohesion nullifier field .

In addition to standard Starfleet weapons and defenses, the Andromeda-class equipped a molecular cohesion nullifier field , a device that disrupted the molecular bonds in surrounding matter, increasing the effectiveness of the cruiser ‘s weapons. ( STO video game : Delta Rising )

Known vessels Edit

Andromeda-class firing

An Andromeda-class firing its saucer ventral phaser array .

  • USS Andromeda (NCC-47700, prototype)

Appendices Edit

Connections Edit

This article or subsection has an associated category . Andromeda class cruisers
Starship classes of the Federation Starfleet
subclass groups

Akira ( AlitaArmitageThunderchild ) •
Ambassador ( AlaskaYamaguchi ) •
Apollo ( Akula frigate / light cruiser ) •
Avenger battlecruiser ( Arbiter ) •
Chesapeake ( Mongrel ) •
Cheyenne ( DakotaStargazer ) •
Concorde ( Geneva battlecruiser Presidio ) •
Constellation ( Challenger deep space explorer ) •
Chimera heavy destroyer ( Manticore ) •
Constitution ( AchernarBonhomme RichardTikopai Enterprise ExeterExcaliburVesper ) •
Danube ( Yellowstone ) •
Decatur ( Dreadnought ) •
Defiant ( GallantIncursionSao PauloVigilant escort ) •
Dervish ( Gryphon Hermes escort • MaelstromTempest ) •
Destiny ( NimbusOracleTrident ) •
Excelsior ( BismarckKirovNew JerseyResolute ) •
Galaxy (Andromeda (25th century)CelestialEnvoyGalaxy XMonarch cruiser • Venture cruiser • Yamato dreadnought ) •
Hermes scout ( CygnusMonoceros ) •
Intrepid ( BellerophonCochrane science vessel • Discovery (Federation) • Pathfinder ) •
Kumari ( CharalKhyzon ) •
Luna ( CometPolarisSol ) •
Miranda ( AntonReliantSoyuz ) •
Nebula ( Magellan ) •
Norway ( Oslo ) •
Nova ( AuroraQuasarRhode Island ) •
NX ( ColumbiaPoseidon ) •
Oberth ( Gagarin (23rd century) • Sagan ) •
Olympic ( HopeHorizon science vessel ) •
Prometheus ( CerberusHephaestusHestia Phoenix ) •
Ptolemy ( DollondDopplerKeppler ) •
Remora ( Charger ) •
Saladin ( CochiseSiva ) •
Santa Fe ( Newport ) •
Saber ( Gladius RapierUshaan ) •
Sentinel ( EmissaryNomad cruiser • Vanguard ) •
Solanae ( HeliosMontgomeryOmega ) •
Sovereign ( Imperial Regent MajesticNoble cruiser ) •
Steamrunner ( Zephyr ) •
Vesta ( AventineRademaker ) •
Wells ( Polarity )

UFP seal Starfleet Command logo
other named classes

AA class • AakennAchillesAdvanceAegianAeolusAerieAkula destroyer / escort • Ambassador HardinAndesAndorAndromeda (24th century) • Antares ApacheAquariusArcherArchimedesArielAscendantAtroxAvenger (scout) • BabcockBaderBakerBaton RougeBodeBolarusBonaventureBradburyBrentonCanadaCanopusCapella (23rd century) • Capella (24th century) • CastorCentaurCentaurusCeresChallengerChandleyChariotChimera fast frigate • ChristopherCle DanCochrane transport • ColumbiaContinentContortrixCopernicusCrossfieldDaedalusDauntlessDecker Defender DeltaD’KyrDenevaDerfDrexlerDurrettEagleEclipseEdwardEinsteinEl Dorado • future EnterpriseEpochEpsilonEternalFederationFenlonFermiFijiFreedom Frontier Gagarin (24th century) • GalenGangesGenevaGenserGracefulGraysonGriffon Guardian GeminiHaleHermes fast cruiser • HestonHoganHokule’aHorizon cruiser • IcarusIlthirinIndomitableIntrepid (light cruiser) • IowaIstanbulIwo Jima • Class J • JupiterKarekhKeithKethkinKievK’KmarakKolm-AnKorolevLarsonLauroLaweyaLegacyLenthalLexingtonLibertyLokiLoknar London MakinMannMarklinMarshallM’BengaMediterraneanMercedMercury (courier) • Mercury (escort) • MerianMessierMidwayMissionMissouriMobulaiMoKalMoscowMulciberNachthexen ) • NarcineNautilusNelsonNew OrleansNiagaraNoble laboratory vessel • Nomad escort • NorthamptonOberonOdinOdysseusOdysseyOkinawaOppenheimerOrionOsakaOuroborosOverfieldPaladin battlecruiser • Paladin destroyer • Paladin (24th century) • PerseusPioneerPhalanxPhantomPhiladelphiaPinnaclePiperPolluxPortsmithPralimPremonitionProximaPyotr VelikiyPyreneesRakotaRanger battlecruiser • Ranger explorer • Ranger scout • RenaissanceRickenbackerRigelRochesterRoyal SovereignSagittariusSamsonSawyerScorpioScryerScyllaSequoiaSevaijenShiKahrSierraSolarSpringfieldSulekSurakSydneyTangentTempestTheophrastusThomas PaineThucydidesThufirTiberiusTiconderogaTheseusTritiumTyphonTyphoonUkoraUlyssesUralUtahVenture scout • Vigilant scout • VoyagerWalkerWambunduWilkersonWei-FaWellingtonYamatoYorkshireYorktownZodiac • unnamed

general type

Defiant pathfinder • John GlennHuronRaging QueenSun TzuValley Forge • Federation assault ship • Federation cargo ship • Federation colony ship • Federation construction ship • Federation cruiser • deep galaxy ship • Federation frigate • Federation galaxy ship • Federation holoship • Federation light cruiser ( Constitution-variant light cruiser • Intrepid-variant light cruiser ) • Federation medium cruiser ( Excelsior-variant medium cruiser ) • Federation mining freighter • Federation repair ship • Starfleet tanker

External links Edit

  • Tier 6 Iconic Ship Stats ( STO developer blog)
  • Exploration Cruiser (T6) article at The Star Trek Online Wiki .

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Home » Human Research Protection Program and Institutional Review Board » Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between feasibility studies and pilot testing?

Feasibility study: “Feasibility studies are pieces of research done before a main study to answer the question ‘Can this study be done?’ They are used to estimate important parameters that are needed to design the main study” [1] . Data collected would not be analyzed or included in publications.


  1. Going to a potential site to see if the research is possible
  2. Checking to see what is the best approach to the research
  3. Going through a consent process with friends to see if the information is comprehensible
  4. Sending your survey instrument to a few experts in the field for their feedback as to whether or not the questions are appropriate for the topic and/or cohort of the research
  5. Feedback from colleagues and peers about research design
  6. Student researcher designs questionnaire for their study’s target population and asks someone from a different population to test the questionnaire


A researcher planning to conduct interviews regarding landowner perspectives of land use regulations contacts the US Forest Service to ask how they have typically approached land owners in the past and asks for feedback on their planned questions.

Pilot testing: “A small scale-study conducted prior to conducting an actual experiment; designed to test and refine procedures.”


  1. Checking to see if the designed tool works
  2. Asking people to complete a survey to find out whether a question results in the requested information
  3. Testing the intervention with four people before trying it with 60 people
  4. Asking people to complete your survey and then revising the questions based on their responses
  5. Revising the study after analyzing preliminary data and determining that the data do not address their research question
  6. Student researcher designs questionnaire for their study’s target population, asks the population to try out the questionnaire, and the questions are revised based on the responses


A researcher planning to conduct interviews regarding landowner perspectives of land use regulations conducts interviews with 5 people to test the questions and see if they get answers that make sense. The researchers may revise their interview guides based on the initial data collected.

Q: Does my feasibility study/pilot testing require IRB Review?

A: The federal regulations indicate that pilot testing meets the definition of research involving human subjects and requires IRB review. However, feasibility studies typically do not meet the definition of research involving human subjects and therefore would not require IRB review.

In order for the IRB to determine whether your activities constitute a feasibility study or pilot testing, and subsequently, whether they require IRB review, please complete and submit the initial sections of the new application and protocol form, which can be found on the ” Preparing an Initial Submission ” page. In this form, it is helpful to note with whom the study or testing is going to be done and how the data will be used.


[1] National Institute for Health Research;

‹ What is the definition of minimal risk?
What is the total "target enrollment" number? ›


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Case study Writing

Case study Writing

The process of writing a case study. The structure of the paper.

People who work in business, marketing, social sciences, legal, medical, engineering, academic, and many other fields quite often need to submit reports about a person, a group of people, or a situation that they have been studying over a certain period of time. Such a published report is called case study, and in order to write good case studies one should follow specific guidelines because they have a particular style and format.

Is There Any Difference between Essay and Case Study?

You might be already familiar with essay writing . Essays differ from case studies because they answer a certain question based on research through the author’s own evaluation. Reports, in turn, present and analyze findings from practical research. While reports are usually descriptive and describe sequential events such as experiments or results from surveys, essay can be descriptive, evaluative, and discursive. The type of the essay depends on the given questions.

Because case studies are educational for readers, they have to provide information as clear as possible. The structure of this writing should be as follows:


The title should give a very accurate description of a study. It has to be very effective because its function is to let readers know what the main focus of the study is.


Since it is not a scientific paper, the abstract in this writing does not have a structure, i.e. no subheadings of methodology, conclusions, etc. You need to give a background which has to outline, for instance, the clinical condition of the study under analysis. Then you need to provide relevant details and results of the study and give an overall conclusion. The final step is to give five key words.


In this section you need to provide a brief review of the published literature relevant to your subject. The best kind of articles to use here are other review articles and the first case that was described in the literature.

Case Report

If you are working in the field of medicine, for example, in this part you write about your patient’s health issues, treatment, and laboratory results. All the data has to be presented in chronological order and in figures or tables. Research ethics is crucial: your patient cannot be identified anywhere in the study. If a photo is necessary, your patient has to sign a written consent. To publish your writing you have to contact the primary care physician and come to an agreement.


In this section one presents the case and the laboratory findings. An author’s job is to relate his/her findings to the previous studies and, in case they differ, make it clear what is the reason of this difference and what your scientific opinion is. The question you should answer here is why your paper is unique.


Make a summary of what you have learnt from your study. Do not repeat the case history; just give short and informative conclusions.


If there are people who have assisted you in your study but are not co-authors, make sure to acknowledge them.


You can use only reliable sources in this section such as peer-reviewed scholarly articles. Make sure that the entire reference is accurate according to the style – MLA, APA, etc.

Tables and Figures

If you have a lot of data that you cannot mention in the discussion section, put it to tables and figures and locate them in this section of your writing. Adding tables and photographs is a great strategic decision because it makes the writing more informative and comprehensible.

Are People Taught Case Study Writing?

This type of writing is rather popular in education system and quite often happens to be a student assignment. This project is very helpful in school/university because it allows students to apply their knowledge in practice. For example, students who take courses in psychotherapy or physiology can put themselves in the role of professionals and examine how certain method can be applied to the person in the story and how your case management and counseling skills can help the client.

Not only can students pay more attention to the development of their technical writing skills, but also they can demonstrate their individual approach to a specific issue. Although teaching how to write a case study requires a lot of time, students need training in this field because the process of the case study writing is complex. A good guide will help them learn how to use their analytical skills to make a better work. Besides, you can always mention this skill during the interview with the company you want to work for .

What Is the Case Study Method?

If you are a student in a law school or are planning to get your MBA, Harvard University has prepared a lot of extremely helpful tips on case study writing for current and prospective students. For instance, Harvard Law School presents the difference between case study method and case method. While the first method uses a narrative of a legal dilemma to showcase the principles of law, the second one uses a court decision for the same purpose. The case study method requires teamwork and discussion between the participants whereas the case method uses the discussion between professor and student. Finally, the case study method analyzes the dilemma in its developments while the second method analyzes it after it has been resolved.

Part-time MBA, Santa Clara, USA 2018


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Reflection Paper Topics: Art

access_timeMarch 28, 2018

Say ‘Hello Reflection Paper’

First of all, let us consider what the reflection paper is. A reflection paper is an essay in which you are to describe your thoughts and ideas about something, usually connected with experiences of your own. Usually, it may be on such topics like books, films, events, etc. In other words, it’s a paper where you share what you think about something (or almost everything). But despite that, bear in mind that some teachers may give you a generalized topic (about your opinion on global warming, for instance) or vice versa – specified, for example about the brightest memories of childhood or the causes of your phobias as a child. The conception of reflection paper resembles a narrative essay a little. I mean, if to think about it generally it may be any topic on which you can write your own thoughts.

Stuck on Your Reflection Paper?

Check out these example reflaction paper.

Yes! Show me examples

To be confident in what you are going to write, it is also important for you to know what does not refer to the notion of a reflection paper. First of all, a reflection paper is not a defective cocktail of many different, third-party opinions and thoughts of other people. It should be you, yourself, special and unique. And if you like to use quotations of famous personalities – you are about to fail this task. It doesn’t really matter what outstanding people you will quote , this type of essay requires your own thoughts – so try hard to express yourself. This is the main essay hack I can give you.

Okay, What’s Next?

So, as we’ve already said hello reflection paper and found out that this is an essay form which should be mostly about your personal perceptions we can proceed. During the writing process you can feel free to share your beliefs and experiences. It could be your personal observation on any topic. No limits, no restrictions, no barriers. Nobody can tell you what your thinking should be like. I believe it will be easy to write because you just have to express your thoughts and how you see things, without using any specified writing styles. So ponder of something great and create!

The essay outline is pretty easy because there are no special restrictions. So if you already have a topic – start your paper with an introduction. It’s up to you how to start (and proceed) your reflection paper whatever you want. And so is the situation with the essay conclusion. The best you can do is to give a general statement that will prepare your teacher or just a simple reader for the main part of your reflection paper. Be certain to include your thesis statement in the introduction. And remember that this is the statement that will sum up the entire essay.

How About the Art Reflection Paper in Particular?

Well-well-well, just look how much you’ve learned by now! I’m sure that you already have enough essay ideas and essay inspiration, too. So now our writing guide is heading to the next stop. As you know from the above, in reflection paper essay you should share thoughts and beliefs of your own concerning some particular topic. But what if your topic is related to art? Of course, you can easily find plenty of essay hook examples and essay hooks as well, but how to tell about it through the prism of your inner world? Imagine yourself as a triangle on famous Pink Floyd’s album cover – reduce the white light into the specter. Release the simple statement into something colorful and special – and this rainbow will be your individual vision of the thesis. And now, let’s have a look what you can do here.

What is art for you? For me, it is an integral part of life – either it’s music or drawing, literature or photography, beautifully made bouquet or the mess on the table. Everyone can describe and understand art in their own way, and each of them will be in their own right. Art can be a mess, art can be a salvation, and art can be a pure schizophrenia the greatest gift of Gods – w-h-a-t-e-v-e-r you want. Yes, that’s easy as two plus two, and ABC, and what else is easy on Earth. So you can distinguish some exact field you will dwell upon, or you can write about something concerning art in general – it’s only up to you. Feel free, don’t be afraid to share, it’s like anonymous AA meeting – no one will judge you.

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Art Reflection Paper Topic Ideas

So if you’ve already went bored of my long lasting fancy speeches, grasped the main ideas of the previous paragraph and can’t wait to start writing – I think you are still interested how the reflection paper topics on art can look like. They can be of ANY kind, you will see. They may be useful if you should choose the topic by yourself and don’t have a clear conception of that stuff. Having a ready topic will also ease you the process of creating a title for the essay . So I will not try your patience anymore, and here are the top-30 topic ideas for writing a reflection paper about art, which are running for you with the speed of Sonic the Hedgehog, or the Golden Snitch, or Flash. Enjoy!

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  • The difficulties of the perception of contemporary dance;
  • What is the connection between the outfits worn by dancers and the characters portrayed by them;
  • Ballet VS Contemporary dance. MC on the left, introduce yourself;
  • How does the dance associated with theatrical skills?
  • Is it possible to dance to modern music?


Performing Arts

  • Why should we go to opera in XXI century?
  • How to subjoin kids to theater or “Mom, please, why can’t I go play football?”
  • How actors start crying without any onion and make you believe them?
  • The art of sitting silently or why I like going to the theater;
  • Can I act in theatrical offerings after several lessons?



  • Is gothic architecture really obscure?
  • Modern and classic architecture – whose side you’re on?
  • Architectural designs and your attitude towards them;
  • Architectural sights as a tourist attraction in your city;
  • Pompous and lavish buildings – should they stay or should they go;


  • God bless post punk or what kind of  joy has Joy Division left;
  • Is there really a place for addiction in musician’s life?
  • Rap music against the kids: What we are going to have in several decades;
  • Is there really a Devil behind heavy-metal and his ilk?
  • Does listening to pop music doesn’t mean you’re dumb?



  • Is it a cat? Is it a dog? Is it a contemporary art masterpiece?
  • Pollock VS da Vinci: Do we really moving backwards;
  • Van Gogh as a modern style icon;
  • Paint it black: Was Malevich an early fan of Rolling Stones?
  • Promising Russian artists and where to find them;



  • Why Chuck Palahniuk is still collecting the hearts of the readers?
  • Steven King as a reason of your unhealthy sleep;
  • Who else should kill George R.R. Martin?
  • The problems the latest film adaptation of “The Great Gatsby”
  • Can I write the second “Twilight” or Potteriana if I’m 16.

So, as you can see, the diversity of topics can be really wide. But these are only the examples and you can write about everything you want – more adequate and interesting, I suppose. Thus, if you have chosen the topic you like to write on – it’s high time to go to the next action. It is quite simple – just expand and develop your essay with your thoughts concerning topic, express yourself and all that stuff we’ve discussed before. Also, it’s good to remember that reflection paper referring to art in most cases may be about your impressions about some particular art piece, or artist, or genre.

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Reflective Essay

Date: October 17, 2013

  • Home
  • / Reflective Essay

How to Write a Reflective Essay

Reflective essay by definition is a kind of writing that requires the author to inform the reader about his or her attitude, idea or impression regarding a given topic. Alternatively, writing reflective essays is meant to help its author describe how a certain event, person or experience has impacted him or her; or to describe the process of his or her personal growth during an academic course or some other significant experience (this can be a journey, an important class etc). For example, you may be required to write about a person who has had a significant impact on your life or career – it can be your teacher, your parents or your friend. In this case, you will be writing to describe this person and explain how he or she has affected you and how your personality changed as a result.

Distinctive Features of a Reflective Essay

Reflecting the author’s inner world, relating feelings and emotions pertaining to the described events and experiences are the most important features of a reflective essay. As a matter of fact, the essay has received its name because its main purpose is to reflect the author’s personality. Very often this type of essay is mistakenly understood as informative essay and students merely give an account of events or experiences. A simple enumeration of facts doesn’t make the essay reflective; in order to become one, it has to reflect the author’s inner world in relation to the described events. Let’s take a look at a quick example. Let’s imagine you have visited Tibet last summer. In an informative essay, you would inform your reader how you prepared, how you got there, what means of transport you used etc. In a reflective essay, you would tell your reader how you got interested in going there, what feelings you experienced during your visit and how it affected you as a personality. In the first case you enumerate events one by one; in the second case, you share your thoughts and feelings with your reader. This is what makes a reflective essay different from other essay types.

Educational Purpose

This type of essay is normally assigned during high school and college years with the purpose of giving students the opportunity to analyze their own experiences and skills. In this case, the object of analysis is students themselves; this essay type allows them to contemplate about things they might have been taking for granted. Another case when this type of essay can be assigned is when there is a need to better understand the personality of the interviewee. Reflective essays are also written while applying for college. The high number of college applicants makes competition incredibly tough; as a result, college admission officers require prospective students to write such essays – only thus can they pick out best candidates. They are looking at a number of things, including maturity, learning skills as well as the ability to analyze and think critically etc. The need to do reflective writing arises in everyday life too; therefore developing this skill is critical.

Reflective Essay Outline

In its basic form, a reflective essay will take the common essay structure:

Introduction: This section should be the shortest; usually only one paragraph that establishes the frame of your personal reflection in a clear and concise manner. This is often achieved using reflective statements, then pointed sentences that describe the key ideas of reflective essay. For example, “the structure instilled in me by my baseball coaches has made me more organized and focused throughout my academic career”, or “I believe my membership on the school debate team has been the single largest contributor to my research skills today.”

Body: The body paragraphs are where you can be more creative with your space and structure. Some reflection papers resemble narratives in which the writer tells their story from the perspective of how their experiences have impacted their personal growth and development. In the body of the essay, it is important to use descriptive language to differentiate between simply a retelling of key events and a rich narrative that exhibits true personal reflection.

Conclusion: In your conclusion, typically another single paragraph, you should avoid simply restating the reflective statements used in the introduction. Instead, remind your reader of the links between your experiences and the impacts these experiences have had on your development in the areas targeted, whether you’re focusing on growth academically, professionally or otherwise.

More about essay structure:

How to Write a Well-Structured Essay

Language and Tone

A reflective essay is supposed to reveal your thoughts, feelings, and emotions. It requires your presence in the text of the paper. The use of personal ‘I’ in this type of paper is ok. You can also use other personal pronouns like ‘we’, ‘you’, ‘they’ etc. This will make your essay more personal. Most other essay types require objectivity and impersonality; however, this is not the case. Referencing is not needed in 9 cases out of 10; however, some reflective essays will require you to back up your claims by making a reference to a reputable source of information. Be prepared to run a background research to back up your claims and read instructions carefully.

Choosing a Topic

Deciding on a topic for your reflection paper can be difficult, and ultimately the topic must be based on what experiences in your life you think will best exhibit your growth in the way you intend to present it in your personal reflection.
With that in mind, here are some ideas to get you started. These topic suggestions are separated into categories from easy, marked by simpler topics that can be developed in a shorter period of time or space, to difficult, which contain more complex themes and must be described in a longer and more drawn out format.

Reflective Essay Topics

Easy reflective essay topics:

1. A happy event from childhood or another time, and how it has affected your life.

2. An early memory, positive or negative that impacted the way you have grown up.

3. An event, like a celebration or holiday that has led to changes in the way you think or behave over time.

4. A new person in your life; what was your first impression and how did meeting them affect the way you have developed as a person?

5. Lessons learned through experiences in school

Medium reflective essay topics:

1. A first job or internship; think about skills you learned and relationships you made and how they have impacted your life.

2. A complex relationship or first love; new emotions and experiences are often the catalysts for personal development and change.

3. Any experience that leads to self-improvement, from a mental, physical or emotional standpoint.

4. A family vacation or other family experience that led to self-discovery or change in your interaction with your family members.

5. The death of a close family member or friend and how it has affected you over time.

Difficult reflective essay topics: 

1. The first experience with a group of people different than you, and how gaining understanding led to a personal change.

2. An experience in which you feared for your own safety and how overcoming or surviving the event changed you.

3. A great accomplishment, such as athletic or academic excellence, and the personal steps necessary to accomplish it.

4. A lifelong regret that has affected your actions and attitude since the event.

It is important to remember: while these suggestions are for varying levels of complexity, any topic can be described with more or less depth to fit the requirements of your unique personal reflection.

Reflective Essay Format

Depending on your school, subject, and even essay topic, you might be required to format your writing in accordance with different standards. Most typical referencing styles are MLA and APA. These referencing styles tend to evolve over time, so be sure to consult respective manuals for updates.

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  • Mindworkzz Fee Structure, Admission Procedure Review

Mindworkzz Fee Structure, Admission Procedure Review

  • Posted by Chesta Yadav Yadav
  • Categories Coaching
  • Date January 21, 2017

Started by one of India’s leading CAT trainer Arun Sharma 2 decades from now. It is one of the most popular CAT institutes in Delhi NCR. Mindworkzz is involved in the training of CAT, GMAT, CLAT, CSAT, UPSC, BBA and CRT (campus recruitment training). Their key partners include companies like McGraw Hill Education, Hungama, Airtel, Applied Mobile Labs etc. Read below for Fee Structure, Contact Information, Batches etc.

Contact Information

Phone Number: 9595806833, 011-475056801


Email: [email protected]

Address: Head Office: CP1: A-25/2, Middle Circle, Connaught Place, New Delhi – 110001


Comprehensive CAT

This program is designed for MBA aspirants who are either in their final year of graduation or have completed the graduation. It’s a comprehensive course which covers all the subjects in classroom teaching.


Duration of the course is 12 months. The entire course will be covered in 5 months. online and offline support for live classes and recording will be available till march 2018.

Admission process

To enroll students have to fill form from their website.

Fee structure

Total fees payable is Rs 60000 Inclusive of all taxes. Fees can be paid in two installments. The second installment has to be paid within 30 days. If the student pays the full fees while enrolling an additional discount of Rs 1000 will be given.

Test Series

·         20 full-length test 4

·         10 Arun Sharma’s CAT challenge (Full-length test)

·         100 sectional tests chapter wise for practice


Four market books of Arun Sharma sir and 12 separate books will be given as a part of course material


·         Weekends and weekdays batches are available

·         GD/PI/WAT classes will be conducted regularly

·         Online support will be given for missed classes, revision classes, problem-solving and doubt clearing

·         Extra classes will be given to students weak in maths and English

Online Comprehensive CAT

This program is designed specifically for working professionals, hostellers or those CAT aspirants who may have attempted or prepared for MBA entrances earlier and are unable to join a classroom program at a center. Complete course coverage 50+ classes for QA, 8 classes for DI, 8 classes for LR and 20+ classes for Verbal.

 Admission process

To enroll students have to fill form from their website.

Frequency of Classes

3-4 classes per week

Timing of classes

Classes are held in the evenings from 8 PM

Duration of class

2 hours


Till 31st march 2018

Course material

Set of 12 printed books. These books are written by Arun Sharma and Meenakshi Upadhya

Test Series

·         20 full-length test

·         10 Arun Sharma’s CAT challenge (Full-length test)

·         100 sectional tests chapter wise for practice

Fee Structure

Total fees payable is Rs 22700 Inclusive of all taxes


·         Regular doubt clearing sessions on the former page, Facebook and in live classes.

·         GD/PI/WAT classes will be conducted on google hangout, Skype, and webinars. Students can also attend GD/PI at their Connaught place center.

·         All classes are recorded and uploaded on the website. Students can see them in case they missed the class or want to revise a topic.


CAT self-based program

CAT self-based program is immensely helpful for those students who cannot attend the regular class. Since the tutorials are available 24*7, students can use them according to their convenience. Complete course coverage QA, DI, VA/RC, LR. 50+ classes for QA, 10+ classes for DI, 10+ classes for LR, 20+ classes for verbal. Access to videos unlimited number of times.



Duration of this program is 12 months.

Admission process

To enroll students have to fill form from their website.


Supported till 31st March.

Fee Structure

Rs 13500 Inclusive of all taxes

Course Material

Set of 12 printed books. These books are written by Arun Sharma and Meenakshi Upadhya. The price of course material is Rs 4500.

Online test series

·         20 full-length test

·         10 Arun Sharma’s CAT challenge (Full-length test)

·         100 sectional tests chapter wise for practice

The price of online test series is Rs 3900.


·         Doubt clearing on mindworkzz Facebook group and WhatsApp group.

·         GD/PI/WAT classes will be conducted on google hangout, Skype, and webinars. Students can also attend GD/PI at their Connaught place center.


The sessions are a blend of practice exercises, interactions and discussions, inputs and explanations.


The edification at Mindworkzz is exceptional in the industry and more importantly they take a keen interest in every aspect of your preparation. Arun Sharma and his team not only provided the best training to crack the CAT exam, but also the Personality Development Program sessions, which polished students outlook towards the exam. There is a constant emphasis on taking mock test and identifying student’s strengths and weaknesses in the exam.

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Tag: Admission Procedure , Batch Timing , CAT , Delhi , Fee Structure , MBA , Mindworkzz

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      Guidelines for Preparing and Formatting APA Essays and Research …


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      Finally, the student should be able to build up the APA paper format reference list that that was used in developing the paper. The section of the reference should be on its page which should be centered at the top of the page. The reference list in the APA writing style is arranged alphabetically using the last name of the author. The reference includes the name of the author the year that the book was published and the name of the article or the book being used.


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      If you want to learn how to critique an article, you should first have a clear understanding of what this assignment is about. Generally, it is an objective analysis of any piece of work (not depending on its genre), which includes your personal thoughts on the subject. You need to give the reader an idea of whether the author of an article based it on facts and credible information. Your main goal is to show your personal opinion, backed with evidence and arguments, so you need to be very attentive while reading the article and noting down key elements.

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      • Article Critique

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      • Review of a journal article

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      It is not a secret that most of professors pay careful attention not only to the content of the assignment but also how well it is formatted. That is why you need to be very attentive, when shaping your work and adding final changes. One of the most popular formatting styles, while completing an article critique is American Psychological Association (APA) format, which has its specific rules and guidelines. Your paper should be double-spaced, using 1-inch margins and Times New Roman font in 12 point. The general structure of your critique should consist of a title page, abstract, body and references. When formatting the title page, you should indicate name of your paper and school, as well as your personal data.

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          How to Write a Transfer Essay That Works – 2K COMPUTER …


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          Essays that Worked

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          The Essays

          Inspiration for your most creative self

          Insights from captivating minds

          They can be the most important components of your application—the essays. It’s a chance to add depth to something that is important to you and tell the admissions committee more about your background or goals. Test scores only tell part of your story, and we want to know more than just how well you work. We want to see how you actually think.

          Below you’ll find selected examples of essays that “worked,” as nominated by our admissions committee. These entries are distinct and unique to the individual writer; however, each of them assisted the admissions reader in learning more about the student beyond the transcripts and lists of activities provided in their applications.

          Hear from the Class of 2022

          These selections represent just a few examples of essays we found impressive and helpful during the past admissions cycle.

          In each of these essays, students were able to share stories from their everyday lives to reveal something about their character, values, and life that aligned with the culture and values at Hopkins. An effective essay can be about something as simple as a TV show or school club as long as it tells us something about the writer in a way that’s relevant to our community. We hope these essays inspire you as you prepare to compose your own personal statements. The most important thing to remember is to be original and creative as you share your own story, thoughts, and ideas with us.


          Time to Spin the Wheel

          For as long as I can remember, one of my favorite pastimes has been manipulating those tricky permutations of 26 letters to fill in that signature, bright green gridded board of Wheel of Fortune.

          Every evening at precisely 6:30 p.m., my family and I unfailingly gather in our living room in anticipation of Pat Sajak’s cheerful announcement: “It’s time to spin the wheel!” And the game is afoot, our banter punctuated by the potential of either big rewards or even bigger bankruptcies: “She has to know that word—my goodness, why is she buying a vowel?!”

          While a game like Wheel of Fortune is full of financial pitfalls, I wasn’t ever much interested in the money or new cars to be won. I found myself drawn to the letters and playful application of the English alphabet, the intricate units of language.

          For instance, phrases like “I love you,” whose incredible emotion is quantized to a mere set of eight letters, never cease to amaze me. Whether it’s the definitive pang of a simple “I am” or an existential crisis posed by “Am I”, I recognized at a young age how letters and their order impact language.

          Spelling bees were always my forte. I’ve always been able to visualize words and then verbally string individual consonants and vowels together. I may not have known the meaning of every word I spelled, I knew that soliloquy always pushed my buttons: that -quy ending was so bizarre yet memorable! And intaglio with its silent “g” just rolled off the tongue like cultured butter.

          Eventually, letters assembled into greater and more complex words.

          I was an avid reader early on, devouring book after book. From the Magic Treehouse series to the too real 1984, the distressing The Bell Jar, and Tagore’s quaint short stories, I accumulated an ocean of new words, some real (epitome, effervescence, apricity), and others fully fictitious (doubleplusgood), and collected all my favorites in a little journal, my Panoply of Words.

          Add the fact that I was raised in a Bengali household and studied Spanish in high school for four years, and I was able to add other exotic words. Sinfin, zanahoria, katukutu, and churanto soon took their rightful places alongside my English favorites.

          And yet, during this time of vocabulary enrichment, I never thought that Honors English and Biology had much in common. Imagine my surprise one night as a freshman as I was nonchalantly flipping through a science textbook. I came upon fascinating new terms: adiabatic, axiom, cotyledon, phalanges…and I couldn’t help but wonder why these non-literary, seemingly random words were drawing me in. These words had sharp syllables, were challenging to enunciate, and didn’t possess any particularly abstract meaning.

          I was flummoxed, but curious…I kept reading.

          “Air in engine quickly compressing…”
          “Incontestable mathematical truth…”
          “Fledgling leaf in an angiosperm…”
          “Ossified bones of fingers and toes…

          …and then it hit me. For all my interest in STEM classes, I never fully embraced the beauty of technical language, that words have the power to simultaneously communicate infinite ideas and sensations AND intricate relationships and complex processes.

          Perhaps that’s why my love of words has led me to a calling in science, an opportunity to better understand the parts that allow the world to function. At day’s end, it’s language that is perhaps the most important tool in scientific education, enabling us all to communicate new findings in a comprehensible manner, whether it be focused on minute atoms or vast galaxies.

          It’s equal parts humbling and enthralling to think that I, Romila, might still have something to add to that scientific glossary, a little permutation of my own that may transcend some aspect of human understanding. Who knows, but I’m definitely game to give the wheel a spin, Pat, and see where it takes me…


          And on that Note

          The sound was loud and discordant, like a hurricane, high notes and low notes mixing together in an audible mess. It was as if a thousand booming foghorns were in a shouting match with sirens. Unlike me, this was a little abrasive and loud. I liked it. It was completely unexpected and extremely fun to play.

          Some instruments are built to make multiple notes, like a piano. A saxophone on the other hand doesn’t play chords but single notes through one vibrating reed. However, I discovered that you can play multiple notes simultaneously on the saxophone. While practicing a concert D-flat scale, I messed up a fingering for a low B-flat, and my instrument produced a strange noise with two notes. My band teacher got very excited and exclaimed, “Hey, you just played a polyphonic note!” I like it when accidents lead to discovering new ideas.

          I like this polyphonic sound because it reminds me of myself: many things at once. You assume one thing and get another. At school, I am a course scholar in English, but I am also able to amuse others when I come up with wince evoking puns. My math and science teachers expect me to go into engineering, but I’m more excited about making films. Discussing current events with my friends is fun, but I also like to share with them my secrets to cooking a good scotch egg. Even though my last name gives them a hint, the Asian students at our school don’t believe that I’m half Japanese. Meanwhile the non-Asians are surprised that I’m also part Welsh. I feel comfortable being unique or thinking differently. As a Student Ambassador this enables me to help freshman and others who are new to our school feel welcome and accepted. I help the new students know that it’s okay to be themselves.

          There is added value in mixing things together. I realized this when my brother and I won an international Kavli Science Foundation contest where we explained the math behind the Pixar movie “Up”. Using stop motion animation we explored the plausibility and science behind lifting a house with helium balloons. I like offering a new view and expanding the way people see things. In many of my videos I combine art with education. I want to continue making films that not only entertain, but also make you think.

          A lot of people have a single passion that defines them or have a natural talent for something specific. Like my saxophone I am an instrument, but I can play many notes at once. I’m a scholar and a musician. Quiet but talkative. An athlete and a filmmaker. Careful but spontaneous. A fan of Johnny Cash and Kill The Noise. Hard working but playful. A martial artist and a baker. One of a kind but an identical twin.

          Will polyphonic notes resonate in college? Yes. For instance, balancing a creative narrative with scientific facts will make a more believable story. I want to bring together different kinds of students (such as music, film, and English majors) to create more meaningful art. Understanding fellow students’ perspective, talents, and ideas are what build a great community.

          I’m looking forward to discovering my place in the world by combining various interests. Who I am doesn’t always harmonize and may seem like nothing but noise to some. But what I play, no matter how discordant, can be beautiful. It’s my own unique polyphonic note.


          Learning How to Play

          The first board game I ever played was Disney Princess Monopoly against my mother. It was a shocking experience. My otherwise loving and compassionate mother played to win. Though she patiently explained her strategies throughout the game, she refused to show me any mercy, accumulating one monopoly after another, building house after house, hotel after hotel, and collecting all my money until I was bankrupt, despite my pleas and tears that I was her daughter and only five years old. I remember clearly the pain I felt from losing, but I remained eager to play and determined to one day beat her. Eventually, we left the princesses behind and graduated to the regular, then the deluxe, editions of Monopoly, and expanded to Rummikub. Every time we played, I carefully observed my mother’s moves and habits while considering my own options. Over the years, she continued to beat me in both games, but the contests became more competitive and my losses more narrow. Finally, at twelve, I won for the first time, at Rummikub no less, a game at which she claimed to be undefeated! I felt an overwhelming sense of pride, which was only magnified when I saw the same emotion in my mother’s face.

          I learned so much from these games beyond the obvious. I learned how to lose, and win, graciously. I learned to enjoy the process, regardless of the outcome. I learned how to take cues from other people but think on my own, both creatively and strategically. I learned how to cope with failure and turn it into a lesson. I learned that true victory stems from hard work and persistence. And I learned that the strongest and most meaningful relationships are not based on indulgence but on honesty and respect.

          This doesn’t mean that losses don’t sting. I was devastated when my hockey team lost the championship game by only one goal when I was the last one to control the puck. But I was still incredibly proud of my team’s cohesiveness, the fluid effort we put into the season, and my own contribution. More importantly, the camaraderie and support of my teammates is ongoing and something I will always cherish more than a win. I didn’t dwell over what could have been. Instead, I focused on what I was going to take with me into the next season.

          This past summer, I had my first substantive work experience interning at the Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson’s Research, researching and writing about treatments and therapies. Working there was certainly not a game, but my strategy was the same: work hard, remain focused, be mindful and respectful of those around me, deal with the inevitable curveballs, and take constructive criticism to heart, all in pursuit of a meaningful goal. At first, I found it intimidating, but I quickly found my footing. I worked hard, knowing that what I took away from the experience would be measured by what I put into it. I studied my co-workers: how they conducted themselves, how they interacted with each other, and how they approached their respective jobs. I carefully reviewed redlines on my writing assignments, tried not to get discouraged, and responded to the comments to present the material more effectively. I absorbed the stories relayed by Parkinson’s patients regarding their struggles and was amazed at how empowered they felt by their participation in clinical trials. Through them, I discovered what it really means to fight to win. I have also come to understand that sometimes a game never ends but transforms, causing goals to shift that may require an adjustment in strategy.

          My mother and I still regularly play games, and we play to win. However, the match is now more balanced and I’ve noticed my mother paying much more attention to my moves and habits and even learning a few things from me.


          The Voice of Many

          “It’s a hot and humid day in Swat Valley, Pakistan
          A young student boards the school bus since walking is no longer safe
          She sits, chatting with her friends after a long day of exams
          A man jumps onto the bus and pulls out a gun
          The last thing the girl remembers is the sound of three gunshots
          BANG, BANG, BANG
          Her name is Malala and she was fourteen years old
          Shot for no reason other than her desire to learn
          We will FIGHT until girls don’t live with fear of attending school
          We will FIGHT until education is a freedom, a right, an expectation for everyone”

          This is the first stanza of a piece of slam poetry my friend and I wrote and performed at our school’s rendition of TED Talks. Over lunch one day, we discovered we shared a common passion—an insistence on equality in all forms, feminism in particular. We discussed the difficulty of combating social issues, but agreed that spreading awareness was one effective method. This casual exchange evolved into a project involving weeks of collaboration. We realized that together we could make a far greater impact than we ever could have individually, so we composed a ten-minute poem aimed at inspiring people to consider important issues. We began by drafting stanzas, simultaneously editing one another’s writing, and later progressed to memorization, practicing together until our alternating lines flowed and phrases spoken together were completely synchronized. The performance was both memorable and successful, but more importantly, this collaboration motivated us to move forward to establish the Equality Club at our school. Sophomore year, our club volunteered with organizations promoting gender equality, the highlight of the year helping at a marathon for recovering abuse victims. Junior year, we met with our head of school to convey our goals, outline plans and gain support for the coming year, in which we held fundraisers for refugees while educating students. This year we are collaborating with the Judicial Committee to reduce the escalating use of racial slurs at school stemming from a lack of awareness within the student body. From this experience, I learned that it is possible to reach so many more people when working together rather than apart. It also taught me that the most crucial aspect of collaborating is believing in the same cause; the details will come as long as there is a shared passion.



          Legends, lore, and comic books all feature mystical, beautiful beings and superheroes—outspoken powerful Greek goddesses, outspoken Chinese maidens, and outspoken blade-wielding women. As a child, I soared the skies with my angel wings, battled demons with katanas, and helped stop everyday crime (and of course had a hot boyfriend). In short, I wanted to save the world.

          But growing up, my definition of superhero shifted. My peers praised people who loudly fought inequality, who rallied and shouted against hatred. As a journalist on a social-justice themed magazine, I spent more time at protests, interviewing and understanding but not quite feeling inspired by their work.

          At first, I despaired. Then I realized: I’m not a superhero.

          I’m just a 17-year-old girl with a Nikon and a notepad—and I like it that way.

          And yet—I want to save the world.

          This understanding didn’t arrive as a bright, thundering revelation; it settled in softly on a warm spring night before my 17th birthday, around the fourth hour of crafting my journalism portfolio. I was choosing the best photos I’d taken around town during the 2016 presidential election when I unearthed two shots.

          The first was from a peace march—my classmates, rainbows painted on their cheeks and bodies wrapped in American flags. One raised a bullhorn to her mouth, her lips forming a loud O. Months later, I could still hear her voice.

          The second was different. The cloudy morning following election night seemed to shroud the school in gloom. In the mist, however—a golden face, with dark hair and two moon-shaped eyes, faces the camera. Her freckles, sprinkled like distant stars across the expanse of her round cheeks, only accentuated her childlike features and added to the soft feel of the photo. Her eyes bore into something beyond the lens, beyond the photographer, beyond the viewer—everything is rigid, from the jut of her jaw, to her stitched brows, her upright spine and arms locked across her chest, to her shut mouth.

          I picked the second picture within a heartbeat.

          During my career as a photojournalist, I lived for the action shots: the excited gestures of a school board member discussing plans, a rabbi preaching vividly, a group of teenagers chanting and waving flags downtown. To me, the most energetic photos always told the biggest and best stories. They made me feel important for being there, for capturing the superheroes in the moment to share with everyone else. The softer moments paled in comparison, and I thought of them as irrelevant.

          It took about one second to tear down one year’s worth of belief.

          The idea dawned on me when I was trapped within the distraught weight in the girl’s eyes. Sometimes the moments that speak the loudest aren’t the noisiest or the most energetic. Sometimes they’re quiet, soft, and peaceful.

          Now, I still don’t completely understand who I am and who I want to be, but really, who does? I’m not a superhero—but that doesn’t mean I don’t want to save the world. There are just so many ways to do it.

          You don’t always have to be loud to inflict change. Sometimes, it begins quietly: a snap of the shutter; a scrape of ink on paper. A breathtaking photograph; an astonishing lede. I’ve noticed the impact creativity can have and how powerful it is to harness it.

          So, with that, I make people think and understand those surrounding them. I play devil’s advocate in discussions about ethics and politics. I persuade those around me to think past what they know into the scary territory of what they don’t—so to make people feel. I’m determined to inspire people to think more about how they can be their own superheroes and more.

          See, that’s the kind of world-saving I do.


          And the Secret Ingredient is…

          Step 1: Get the ingredients

          On the granite countertop in front of me sat a pile of flour, two sticks of butter, and a bowl of shredded beef, just like the YouTube tutorial showed. My mind contorted itself as I tried figuring out what I was doing. Flanking me were two equally discombobulated partners from my Spanish class. Somehow, some way, the amalgamation of ingredients before us would have to be transformed into Peruvian empanadas.

          Step 2: Prepare the ingredients

          It looked easy enough. Just make a dough, cook the beef until it was tender, put two and two together, and fry them. What YouTube didn’t show was how to season the meat or how long you should cook it. We had to put this puzzle together by ourselves. Adding to the mystery, none of us knew what an empanada should even taste like.

          Step 3: Roll out ten equally sized circles of dough

          It would be dishonest to say everything went smoothly. I thought the dough should be thick. One team member thought it should be thin. The other thought our circles were squares. A fundamental truth about collaboration is that it’s never uncontentious. Everyone has their own expectations about how things should be done. Everyone wants a project to go their way. Collaboration requires observing the differences between the collaborators and finding a way to synthesize everyone’s contributions into a solution that is mutually agreeable.

          Step 4: Cook the beef until tender

          Collaborative endeavors are the proving grounds for Murphy’s Law: everything that can go wrong, will go wrong. The shredded beef, which was supposed to be tender, was still hard as a rock after an hour on the stove. With our unseasoned cooking minds, all ideas were valid. Put more salt in? Sure. Cook it at a higher temperature? Go for it. Collaboration requires people to be receptive. It demands an open mind. All ideas deserve consideration.

          Step 5: Fry the empanadas until crispy

          What does crispy even mean? How crispy is crispy enough; how crispy is too crispy? The back and forth with my teammates over everything from how thick the dough should be to the definition of crispy taught me a key ingredient of teamwork: patience. Collaboration breeds tension, which can make teamwork so frustrating. But it’s that very tension which also transforms differing perspectives into solutions that propel collaborative undertakings forward.

          Step 6: Enjoy!


          Looking Through a Wider Lens

          What does it mean to be an advocate? I didn’t find the answer in any sort of textbook. Not the anatomy textbook that lay across the foot of my bed, filled with Post-Its and half-drawn diagrams. Nor the chemistry textbook that sat on top of it, covered in streaks of blue highlighter. Not even Principles of Biology, overflowing with illegible notes and loose worksheets, had the answer. Yet, in a few years, I will be promising to do just that: be the ultimate advocate for my patients.

          My search for the answer began quite unintentionally. When I was initially recommended to serve on the Youth Council my junior year of high school, my perspective on civic engagement was one of apathy and a complete lack of interest. I couldn’t understand how my passion for the medical field had any correlation with serving as a representative for the students at my school and actively engaging within the political sphere. I knew I wanted to pursue a career as a physician, and I was perfectly content embracing the safety net of my introverted textbook world.

          But that safety net was ripped wide open the day I walked through the sliding double doors of City Hall for my first Youth Council meeting. I assumed I would spend my hour flipping through flashcards and studying for next week’s unit test, while a bunch of teenagers complained about the lack of donuts in the student store. Instead, I listened to the stories of 18 students, all of whom were using their voices to reshape the distribution of power within their communities and break the structures that chained so many in a perpetual cycle of desperation and despair. While I spent most of my time poring over a textbook trying to memorize formulas and theorems, they were spending their time using those formulas and theorems to make a difference in their communities. Needless to say, that meeting sparked an inspirational flame within me.

          The next Youth Council meeting, I asked questions. I gave feedback. I noticed what the students at my school were really struggling with. For the first time, I went to drug prevention assemblies and helped my friends run mental health workshops. The more involved I became in my city’s Youth Council, the more I understood how similar being an advocate for your community is to being an advocate for your patients. When I volunteered at the hospital every week, I started paying attention to more than whether or not my patients wanted ice chips in their water. I learned that Deborah was campaigning for equal opportunity housing in a deeply segregated neighborhood and George was a paramedic who injured his leg carrying an 8-year-old with an allergic reaction to the Emergency Room. I might not have been the doctor who diagnosed them but I was often the one person who saw them as human beings rather than patients.

          Youth Council isn’t something most students with a passion in practicing medicine chose to participate in, and it certainly wasn’t something I thought would have such an immense impact on the way I view patient care. As a patient’s ultimate advocate, a physician must look beyond hospital gowns and IV tubes and see the world through the eyes of another. Rather than treat diseases, a physician must choose to treat a person instead, ensuring compassionate care is provided to all. While I know that throughout my academic career I will take countless classes that will teach me everything from stoichiometry to cellular respiration, I refuse to take the knowledge I learn and simply place it on a flashcard to memorize. I will use it to help those whom I must be an advocate for: my patients.

          Read more essays

          The Class of 2021
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          “ Application resources and suggestions “—Tori R. ’21


          inspiration at  Hopkins Insider,  our student-run site.

          Quan from Hopkins Insider

          “ How I ate my weight in burritos and got into Hopkins “—Quan B. ’18


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          Application Essay Questions

          Please choose one of the essay topics below, limiting your response to about 300 words. (Include your name and date of birth on your essay.) You might want to read our essay writing and application tips first.

          If there is anything else you feel we should know about you that has not been covered in this application, please add a personal statement following your essay.

          Freshman essay questions

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          2. What is the best advice you have received? Why is it important?

          Note for students applying to Marquette through the Common App

          We happily accept any of the Common App essay prompts. You do not need to respond to either of the above essay prompts if you have completed an essay for the Common App.

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          All physical therapy and athletic training applicants must answer the following question. (Answering one of the above questions is optional.)

          Why are you interested in physical therapy and/or athletic training as a profession, and what experiences have led you to this interest?

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          All transfer applicants must answer the following question.

          Please reflect on your decision to transfer to Marquette University. How is Marquette a better fit for you to finish your college career?

          What we look for in your college essay

          There are no magic phrases or key words to include in your essay. You do not, for example, have to say you’ve wanted to attend Marquette since kindergarten. We use the essay to get to know a little more about you. This is the one chance you have to be creative in the application process; let your true self come through.

          A few words about the essay:

          • Relax and write.
          • Proofread your essay; read it backward.
          • Be thoughtful in your response and careful in your prose.
          • Be genuine. The essay should reflect what you want to write, not what you think we want to hear. Remember, we’re not looking for anything in particular when we read your application.
          • We want to make sure you can compose an essay with a coherent thought and that you have the ability to string together a few sentences and express an idea.
          • There is no right answer.
          • Dig deep and have fun!
          • Revise! When you think you’re done, revise once more!
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